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The basicity of mixed oxides and the influence of alkaline metals: The case of transesterification reactions

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41787 45900 2010 8 PDF Available
Title
The basicity of mixed oxides and the influence of alkaline metals: The case of transesterification reactions
Abstract

Several M(II)/M(III) mixed oxides were prepared and tested in two different transesterification reactions, biodiesel production from sunflower oil and methanol, and the more demanding transesterification of methyl palmitate with isobutanol. The presence of residual alkaline ions after crystallization is the main source for the strong basicity in this kind of solids, as it happened with Mg/Al mixed oxides. The effect of these alkaline traces is more evident with the most demanding reaction, in which the alkaline-free solids did not show any catalytic activity. These results seem to indicate that the strong basicity in mixed oxides is always connected to the presence of alkaline metals, irrespective from the nature of M(II) and M(III).

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (69 K)Download as PowerPoint slideResearch highlights▶ Alkaline metals are responsible for the strong basicity of mixed oxides. ▶ Alkaline effect is not dependent on the nature of the mixed oxide. ▶ Sodium sites can be leached to the reaction medium (leachable basicity). ▶ Sodium sites are responsible for catalytic activity in demanding reactions.

Keywords
Transesterification; Hydrotalcite; Mixed oxide; Basicity; Leachable basicity
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 387, Issues 1–2, 20 October 2010, Pages 67–74
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
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