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Kinetic of methane steam reforming reaction over nickel- and rhodium-based catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41798 45900 2010 8 PDF Available
Title
Kinetic of methane steam reforming reaction over nickel- and rhodium-based catalysts
Abstract

Kinetics of methane steam reforming over a commercial nickel-based catalyst and over an innovative rhodium-perovskite catalyst of formula BaRhxZr(1−x)O3 was studied at atmospheric pressure and in the temperature range 723–1023 K. Extensive experimental runs were firstly carried out in a micro-reactor, with the catalysts in powder form, to evaluate their performances in steam methane reforming process. The behaviour of rhodium-perovskite catalyst was analyzed as function of steam-to-methane ratio and temperature, comparing the obtained performances of this catalyst with that showed by the commercial nickel-based one. Rhodium-perovskite catalyst shows higher activity for steam methane reforming reaching methane conversions higher than those obtained with the nickel-based catalyst and closer to the thermodynamic equilibrium value. Based on a detailed review of the kinetic models proposed for steam reforming, the experimental data were fitted using a simple kinetic model where the conversion of methane is proportional only to the methane partial pressure. Good agreement was obtained between the experimental data and the kinetic model prediction.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (55 K)Download as PowerPoint slideResearch highlights▶ Rh-perovskite catalyst has higher activity in SMR than commercial Ni-based catalyst. ▶ The found activation energies are 69.1 kJ/mol for Rh and 96.1 kJ/mol for Ni. ▶ Results confirm SMR is first order and zero order for CH4 and steam, respectively.

Keywords
Methane steam reforming; Reaction kinetics; Rhodium-perovskite
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Kinetic of methane steam reforming reaction over nickel- and rhodium-based catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 387, Issues 1–2, 20 October 2010, Pages 147–154
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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