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Iron–calcium–hydroxyapatite catalysts: Iron speciation and comparative performances in butan-2-ol conversion and propane oxidative dehydrogenation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41824 45901 2010 11 PDF Available
Title
Iron–calcium–hydroxyapatite catalysts: Iron speciation and comparative performances in butan-2-ol conversion and propane oxidative dehydrogenation
Abstract

Iron/calcium–hydroxyapatite catalysts containing different amounts of iron – Fe(x)/CaHAp – were prepared by cation exchange in aqueous media and characterized by XRD, IR, UV–vis, Mössbauer, XPS spectroscopies and temperature programmed reduction (TPR). The iron was found in the samples exclusively as isolated Fe3+ species distributed in CaHAp between distorted octahedral and lower coordination sites.These catalysts were tested in butan-2-ol conversion with and without oxygen in the reaction mixture. The increase of iron content enhanced the acid properties of the catalysts and the butan-2-ol dehydration (butenes yield around 55%) in the presence of O2. In propane oxidative dehydrogenation (ODH), they exhibit good propene selectivity (35–90%) but with limited conversion. The maximum propene yield (6.2%) is obtained at low Fe content whereas the dehydrogenation of butan-2-ol into methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) in the presence of dioxygen is much higher on pure CaHAp than on Fe(x)/CaHAp. The sites generated at low Fe content were identified as Fe3+–O–Ca2+ species. Those sites, contrarily to Fe3+–O–Fe3+ which appear at high iron loadings, provide a reasonable performance in propane ODH, most likely because they maintain the needed basicity for the hydrogen abstraction from the propane. This confirms the essential role played by the acid–base properties in the dehydrogenation processes.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (167 K)Download as PowerPoint slideResearch highlights▶ New catalysts with formula Ca10−xFex3+(PO4)6(OH)2−xOx were designed by Fe3+/Ca2+ ion exchange. ▶ Fe3+ ions are isolated and distributed between distorted octahedral and lower coordination sites. ▶ The iron-poorest catalyst (0.5 wt.% Fe) exhibits the best performance in propane ODH. ▶ The performance is lower than that of Fe-zeolite catalysts but the stability is much higher.

Keywords
Calcium–hydroxyapatite; Iron–calcium–hydroxyapatite; TEM; UV–vis–NIR; Mössbauer; XPS; IR spectroscopy; Temperature programmed reduction (TPR); Butan-2-ol conversion; Propane ODH
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Iron–calcium–hydroxyapatite catalysts: Iron speciation and comparative performances in butan-2-ol conversion and propane oxidative dehydrogenation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 388, Issues 1–2, 20 November 2010, Pages 113–123
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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