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Effects of acidity and microstructure on the catalytic behavior of cesium salts of 12-tungstophosphoric acid for oxidative dehydrogenation of propane

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41859 45902 2010 8 PDF Available
Title
Effects of acidity and microstructure on the catalytic behavior of cesium salts of 12-tungstophosphoric acid for oxidative dehydrogenation of propane
Abstract

A series of CsxH3−xPW12O40 (x = 0.9–3.0) samples with regularly dependent acidity values and gradually transformed microstructures was synthesized by a precipitation method. Along with the increase in Cs content in the CsxH3−xPW12O40 samples, the concentration of acid sites decreased monotonically, and their morphologies changed gradually from compact large lumps to nano-sized particles. Mesoporous channels were formed probably because of the stacking of nanoparticles in the samples with x > 2.1. When the CsxH3−xPW12O40 samples were used as catalysts for oxidative dehydrogenation (ODH) of propane, higher conversions of propane were achieved over the catalysts with higher acidity. The formation of mesoporous structure improved propane conversion evidently. The best yield of propylene was achieved over the Cs1.5H1.5PW12O40 catalyst, which possessed a high concentration of acid sites and non-porous structure. Our studies demonstrate that not only the acidity but also the porous structure of the CsxH3−xPW12O40 play key roles in the ODH of propane.

Graphical abstractThe acidity and microstructure of CsxH3−xPW12O40 catalysts, which change regularly depending on the Cs content in these samples, play important roles in determining the catalytic performances in ODH of C3H8. The best yield of C3H6 has been achieved over the Cs1.5H1.5PW12O40 catalyst, which possesses a larger amount of acid sites but lacks mesoporous structure.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (38 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Cs salt of 12-tungstophosphoric acid; Acidity; Mesoporous structure; Oxidative dehydrogenation; Propane
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Effects of acidity and microstructure on the catalytic behavior of cesium salts of 12-tungstophosphoric acid for oxidative dehydrogenation of propane
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 380, Issues 1–2, 31 May 2010, Pages 87–94
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us