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Catalytic decomposition of hydrocarbons on cobalt, nickel and iron catalysts to obtain carbon nanomaterials

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41931 45905 2010 9 PDF Available
Title
Catalytic decomposition of hydrocarbons on cobalt, nickel and iron catalysts to obtain carbon nanomaterials
Abstract

Hydrocarbons decomposition was investigated on cobalt, nickel and iron catalysts under atmospheric pressure and in the temperature range of 500–700 °C. As a carbon source, methane, ethane and ethylene were used. In lower temperatures, the cobalt catalyst revealed the highest activity, whereas in higher temperatures, larger carbon amounts were obtained on the nickel and iron catalysts. According to the observed results the decomposition of hydrocarbons on the cobalt sample led to the formation of a stable form of fcc-Co in room temperature. On the cobalt and iron catalysts, multiwalled carbon nanotubes at 700 °C were obtained, but on the nickel catalyst many disordered carbon structures and Ni nanocapsules coated with a graphite layer were found.

Graphical abstractHydrocarbons decomposition was investigated on cobalt, nickel and iron catalysts under atmospheric pressure and in the temperature range of 500–700 °C. In lower temperatures, the cobalt catalyst revealed the highest activity, whereas in higher temperatures, larger carbon amounts were obtained on the nickel and iron catalysts. On the cobalt and iron, MWNTs at 700 °C were obtained, but on the nickel many disordered carbon structures and Ni nanocapsules coated with a graphite layer were found.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (85 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Nanostructures; Metal carbides; Phase transitions; Chemical vapor deposition
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Catalytic decomposition of hydrocarbons on cobalt, nickel and iron catalysts to obtain carbon nanomaterials
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 384, Issues 1–2, 20 August 2010, Pages 27–35
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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