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Photocatalytic properties in aqueous solution of porous TiO2-anatase films prepared by sol–gel process

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41972 45906 2010 7 PDF Available
Title
Photocatalytic properties in aqueous solution of porous TiO2-anatase films prepared by sol–gel process
Abstract

Porous TiO2-anatase thin films were obtained by sol–gel method using dip-coating procedure onto glass-slides and silicon wafers in order to study the effect of the porous structure on the photocatalytic properties. Titania sols were synthesized using titanium isopropoxide (TISP) with two types of complexant molecules (acetyl-acetone (AcAc) or acetic acid (AcOH)) and different types of pore-generating agents as: Pluronic F127 (F127), cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB), sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), polyethylene glycol hexadecyl ether (Brij56, Brij58). The coatings were characterised by different techniques as grazing X-ray diffraction (GXRD), spectral ellipsometry, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Maximum thickness around 280 nm, and refractive index as low as 1.68 were obtained, indicating that the surfactants allow obtaining porous films. GXRD and TEM analysis confirm the presence of a porous structure but not ordered. TiO2 films obtained from AcAc or AcOH with Brij58 and F127 sols present specific surface areas between 28 and 68 m2/g. Photocatalytic activity was studied through the degradation of methyl orange in aqueous solution under UV light exposure. Methyl orange degradation increases with the film thickness up to a maximum value of 470 nm, beyond which the efficiency does not further increase. The photocatalytic activity depends on different parameters, such as porosity, film thickness and total surface exposed to illumination.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (64 K)Download as PowerPoint slideResearch highlights▶ Thickest coating around 300 nm and indexes so low as 1.68. ▶ Further increase of the thickness up to 470 nm does not improve the behaviour. ▶ Main factor governing the behaviour (thickness and total surface exposed).

Keywords
TiO2; Sol–gel coatings; Pore-generating agent; Porosity; Spectral ellipsometry; Photocatalysis; Methyl orange
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Photocatalytic properties in aqueous solution of porous TiO2-anatase films prepared by sol–gel process
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 385, Issues 1–2, 15 September 2010, Pages 101–107
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us