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Isobutane alkylation with solid catalysts based on beta zeolite

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
41978 45906 2010 9 PDF Available
Title
Isobutane alkylation with solid catalysts based on beta zeolite
Abstract

The isobutane alkylation with butenes is a reaction in which the substitution of mineral acids, such as sulphuric and hydrofluoric acids, by solid acid catalysts is highly desirable. Solid catalysts with good activity and selectivity for this reaction have been previously reported. However, bad stability is a major drawback in most cases. In this work, catalysts based on beta zeolite, exchanged with lanthanum were studied. It was found that these catalysts have lower activity than the Y zeolite both, in the protonic form, or with lanthanum in replacement of protons. EDX analyses showed that lanthanum is practically fully removed from the zeolite structure during an exchange with ammonium nitrate, even though the catalyst was precalcined. The total acidity as measured by pyridine temperature-programmed desorption is similar in the beta and the Y zeolites. However, the former zeolite has stronger acid sites, and because of this, the deactivation process occurs faster. Pulses of 1-butene at different temperatures can be used as a technique to predict the catalytic behavior of acid catalysts in the alkylation reaction. Using this technique, it was possible to determine that the beta zeolite is deactivated during the alkylation reaction by pore mouth plugging. The addition of platinum to the beta zeolite is useful in order to regenerate the catalyst using hydrogen at 80 °C, although long times are needed to accomplish this regeneration.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (106 K)Download as PowerPoint slideResearch highlights▶ Proton and lanthanum-exchanged beta zeolites are active for isobutane alkylation. ▶ Y zeolite has better catalytic behavior than beta zeolite for this reaction. ▶ Platinum/Hbeta zeolite can be regenerated with hydrogen at low temperature. ▶ Pulses of 1-butene is a simple technique in order to predict the catalytic behavior. ▶ Lanthanum decreases the strength of the acid sites in the beta zeolite.

Keywords
Isobutane alkylation; Beta zeolite; Deactivation; Lanthanum
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Isobutane alkylation with solid catalysts based on beta zeolite
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 385, Issues 1–2, 15 September 2010, Pages 144–152
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us