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Mesoporous MAl2O4 (M = Cu, Ni, Fe or Mg) spinels: Characterisation and application in the catalytic dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene in the presence of CO2

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
42078 45910 2010 10 PDF Available
Title
Mesoporous MAl2O4 (M = Cu, Ni, Fe or Mg) spinels: Characterisation and application in the catalytic dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene in the presence of CO2
Abstract

The catalytic properties of nanostructured MAl2O4 (M = Cu, Ni, Fe or Mg) were investigated in the dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene with CO2. The catalysts were characterised by XRD, Raman spectroscopy, textural properties, acidity (TPD-NH3) and basicity (CO2-TPD) measurements, SEM and TEM analyses and TPR techniques. XRD revealed the spinel structure of MAl2O4, except for the NiO, CuO, Fe2O3 and MgO phases. All solids exhibited the nanostructured features of the SBA-15 template, including high values of textural properties and morphologies characteristic of the mesoporous silica. The acidic strength follows the electronegativity trends of the cations present on the spinel aluminates: CuAl > NiAl > FeAl and MgAl, which is the inverse order of the basicities. The selectivities in the dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene with CO2 showed that styrene was the predominant product for all catalysts except for those based on Ni, which was highly selective for the production of toluene. The FeAl2O4 catalyst provided the best catalytic performance among the solids studied due to the continuous oxidation of Fe3+ sites by the CO2 from the reaction. This solid has the additional advantage of being stable over the timescale of the reaction, as compared to the traditional Fe-based catalysts, due to its nanostructured features.

Graphical abstractTEM image of NiAl exhibits the void (indicated by an arrow) that is evidence that isolated nanoparticles are formed. The SAED pattern shows the lattice fringe distances that corresponds to the (1 1 1) and (2 2 0)-spacing of cubic spinel structures.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (67 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Ethylbenzene; Spinels; Raman; Metals; CO2
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Mesoporous MAl2O4 (M = Cu, Ni, Fe or Mg) spinels: Characterisation and application in the catalytic dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene in the presence of CO2
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 382, Issue 2, 15 July 2010, Pages 148–157
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us