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Enhanced electrocatalytic reduction of CO2/H2O to paraformaldehyde at Pt/metal oxide interfaces

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
42094 45910 2010 7 PDF Available
Title
Enhanced electrocatalytic reduction of CO2/H2O to paraformaldehyde at Pt/metal oxide interfaces
Abstract

A long-standing goal of chemistry is to synthesize organic compounds from CO2 and H2O to mimic natural photosynthetic processes. Achieving this goal requires catalysts and methods that activate CO2 and split water simultaneously. Here we report such catalysts and methods for the synthesis of paraformaldehyde from CO2 and H2O at atmospheric pressure. The activation was realized by polarizing metal/metal oxide interfaces with a DC voltage or current. The selectivity to paraformaldehyde was as high as 100% and CO2 conversion up to 8%. Both Pt/CSZ and Pt/MnO2 catalysts with ionic conductivity and mixed conductivity respectively produced paraformaldehyde. The former works at high temperatures of 600–900 °C; the latter works at low temperatures of 300–450 °C. This gas-phase electrocatalysis technique provides new insight into the utilization of CO2 as a carbon source in organic chemical syntheses and in the clean activation of CO2.

Graphical abstractThe simultaneous activation of CO2 and H2O was performed by polarizing metal/metal oxide interfaces with a DC voltage or current. The selectivity of CO2 to paraformaldehyde was as high as 100% and CO2 conversion up to 8% with Pt/calcia stabilized zirconia (CSZ) catalysts at temperatures of 600–900 °C and at a pressure of 1 atm. The temperature was lowered to 350–450 °C when using Pt/MnO2 catalyst.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (107 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Platinum; CO2 activation; Electrocatalysis; Formaldehyde
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Enhanced electrocatalytic reduction of CO2/H2O to paraformaldehyde at Pt/metal oxide interfaces
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 382, Issue 2, 15 July 2010, Pages 277–283
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us