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M5O14-like V–Mo–Nb oxide catalysts: Structure and catalytic performance

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
42107 45911 2010 11 PDF Available
Title
M5O14-like V–Mo–Nb oxide catalysts: Structure and catalytic performance
Abstract

Within Mo5O14-like structural type for mixed V–Mo–Nb oxides, the effect of vanadium and niobium content and treatment temperature on the phase composition, structure and catalytic properties of the samples in oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane has been studied. The limits of V and Nb content in the ternary Mo5O14-like oxide are determined. V–Mo–Nb oxides are shown to be the substitution solid solutions of composition (Mo0.6VzNb0.4−z)5O14 (0 < z < 0.2) based on binary oxide (Mo0.6Nb0.4)5O14. The structure of crystalline V–Mo–Nb oxides is refined. Crystallization of Mo5O14-like structure occurs at temperatures ≥550 °C. Below 550 °C, V–Mo–Nb oxides are nanocrystalline materials having a disordered layered structure with the interlayer distance of ca. 4 Å. The structural model of nanocrystalline oxides is discussed. The role of Nb in the formation of ternary V–Mo–Nb oxide compounds is revealed, and the surface state of these oxides at different temperatures is analyzed. The low-temperature V–Mo–Nb oxides are the most active catalysts in the reaction of ethane oxidative dehydrogenation. They are characterized by the ratio V/Nb ≈ 1 in the Mo5O14-like structure.

Graphical abstractWithin Mo5O14-like structural type mixed V–Mo–Nb oxides are shown to be the substitution solid solutions of composition (Mo0.6VzNb0.4−z)5O14 (0 < z < 0.2) based on the binary oxide (Mo0.6Nb0.4)5O14. Transformation of nanocrystalline oxides having a disordered layered structure with the interlayer distance of ca. 0.4 nm into crystalline Mo5O14-like structure is accompanied by degradation of catalytic properties in relation to oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (248 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Mo5O14; V–Mo–Nb oxides; Ethane oxidative dehydrogenation
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M5O14-like V–Mo–Nb oxide catalysts: Structure and catalytic performance
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 375, Issue 1, 26 February 2010, Pages 26–36
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
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Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
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