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The effect of support properties on the activity of Pd/C catalysts in the liquid-phase hydrodechlorination of chlorobenzene

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
42172 45913 2010 8 PDF Available
Title
The effect of support properties on the activity of Pd/C catalysts in the liquid-phase hydrodechlorination of chlorobenzene
Abstract

The activity of palladium catalysts prepared using active carbons (AG-2000, MeKS) and Sibunit type carbon in the liquid-phase hydrodechlorination of chlorobenzene has been studied. The use of AG-2000 activated carbon prepared from coal raw material provided the highest initial activity of the catalyst (9.4 molC6H5Cl/molPd min9.4 molC6H5Cl/molPd min for the catalyst with particle size of 0.08–0.1 mm) which not reduced within next 4 cycles. However, this activity cannot be explained only on the basis of support texture characteristics. From results of chemical analysis as well as X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR TEM) data the high activity of the Pd/AG-2000 catalyst is explainable by the presence on the surface of the initial activated carbon of oxygen-containing compounds of iron, aluminum, silicon, calcium and magnesium. The overall ash content of the activated carbon was 11.9 wt.%. It can be assumed that the oxide compounds of iron act as anchoring centers for palladium, and that oxide containing impurities may interact with HCl decreasing deactivation. The experimental data of this work has shown that the main contribution to the Pd/AG-2000 catalyst activity is made by the palladium particles with a size of 3 nm and higher which remain stable under the aggressive conditions of the chlorobenzene hydrodechlorination process.

Graphical abstractThe activity of palladium catalysts on the basis of carbon materials in the liquid-phase hydrodechlorination of chlorobenzene has been studied. It was shown that the high activity of Pd/AG-2000 can be explained by the presence of oxygen-containing impurities in the initial activated carbon used as the support. These oxygen-containing impurities act as centers to anchor palladium and interact with HCl decreasing its deactivating action.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (75 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Hydrodechlorination; Chlorobenzene; Palladium catalyst; Carbon support; Structure sensitivity; Particle size effect
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The effect of support properties on the activity of Pd/C catalysts in the liquid-phase hydrodechlorination of chlorobenzene
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 379, Issues 1–2, 15 May 2010, Pages 87–94
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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