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Synthesis and characterization of novel oxovanadium(IV) complexes with 4-acyl-5-pyrazolone donor ligands: Evaluation of their catalytic activity for the oxidation of styrene derivatives

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
42198 45914 2010 10 PDF Available
Title
Synthesis and characterization of novel oxovanadium(IV) complexes with 4-acyl-5-pyrazolone donor ligands: Evaluation of their catalytic activity for the oxidation of styrene derivatives
Abstract

Reaction of VOSO4·5H2O with a methanol solution of the HQ proligand (HQ = 1-R1-4-R2(CO)pyrazol-5-one in general, in detail: HQnPe, R1 = phenyl, R2 = neopentyl; HQMe,Me, R1 = R2 = methyl; HQMe,naph, R1 = methyl, R2 = naphthalen-1-yl; HQnaph, R1 = phenyl, R2 = naphthalen-1-yl; HQPh, R1 = R2 = phenyl; HQCF3, R1 = phenyl, R2 = trifluoromethyl; HQpy,CF3, R1 = pyridin-2-yl, R2 = trifluoromethyl) gave seven novel VO(Q)2(H2O) complexes which have been characterized by elemental analyses, IR, ESI-MS, electronic spectroscopy and magnetic susceptibility measurements and, in the case of derivative VO(QCF3)2, also by EPR spectroscopy. The X-ray diffraction study, carried out on derivative VO(QnPe)2(H2O), evidenced a distorted octahedral environment with the two pyrazolonates in anti configuration and the vanadium atom 0.2914(7) Å away from the least-squares plane defined by the four equatorial oxygen atoms. The catalytic activity of these new oxovanadium(IV) complexes has been exhaustively tested for the oxidation of styrene, α-methylstyrene and cis-β-methylstyrene, in the presence of H2O2 as primary oxidant. The effects of oxidant to substrate molar ratio, catalyst amount, solvent and temperature have been studied. Overall, the vanadium complexes showed high activity and high to moderate selectivity toward the benzaldehyde (acetophenone) formation, depending from both the type of starting substrate and experimental reaction times.

Graphical abstractSeven new oxovanadium(IV) acylpyrazolonate complexes have been synthesized and fully characterized. High conversion values and high selectivity toward benzaldehyde (acetophenone) formation have been observed when they have been used as catalysts, for the hydrogen peroxide promoted oxidation of styrene derivatives, in acetonitrile.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (74 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Oxovanadium complexes; β-Diketonates; Catalytic oxidation; Hydrogen peroxide; Olefin
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Synthesis and characterization of novel oxovanadium(IV) complexes with 4-acyl-5-pyrazolone donor ligands: Evaluation of their catalytic activity for the oxidation of styrene derivatives
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 378, Issue 2, 30 April 2010, Pages 211–220
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
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