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Biodegradable gelatin microspheres enhance the neuroprotective potency of osteopontin via quick and sustained release in the post-ischemic brain

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
422 42 2014 10 PDF Available
Title
Biodegradable gelatin microspheres enhance the neuroprotective potency of osteopontin via quick and sustained release in the post-ischemic brain
Abstract

Gelatin microspheres (GMSs) are widely used as drug carriers owing to their excellent biocompatibilities and toxicologically safe degradation products. The drug release profile is easily tailored by controlling the cross-linking density and surface-to-volume ratio, i.e. size, of the GMS. In this study, we employed GMSs which are 25 μm in diameter and cross-linked with 0.03125% glutaraldehyde, to enable rapid initial and a subsequent sustained release. Therapeutic potency of human recombinant osteopontin (rhOPN) with or without encapsulation into GMSs was investigated after administrating them to rat stroke model (Sprague–Dawley; middle cerebral artery occlusion, MCAO). The administration of rhOPN/GMS (100 ng/100 μg) at 1 h post-MCAO reduced the mean infarct volume by 81.8% of that of the untreated MCAO control and extended the therapeutic window at least to 12 h post-MCAO, demonstrating a markedly enhanced therapeutic potency for the use of OPN in the post-ischemic brain. Scanning electron microscopy micrographs revealed that GMSs maintained the three-dimensional shape for more than 5 days in normal brain but were degraded rapidly in the post-ischemic brain, presumably due to high levels of gelatinase induction. After encapsulation with GMS, the duration of OPN release was markedly extended; from the period of 2 days to 5 days in normal brain, and from 2 days to 4 days in the post-ischemic brain; these encompass the critical period for recovery processes, such as vascularization, and controlling inflammation. Together, these results indicate that GMS-mediated drug delivery has huge potential when it was used in the hyperacute period in the post-ischemic brain.

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Keywords
Gelatin microsphere; Cross-linking; Osteopontin; MCAO; Neuroprotection
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Biodegradable gelatin microspheres enhance the neuroprotective potency of osteopontin via quick and sustained release in the post-ischemic brain
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 10, Issue 7, July 2014, Pages 3126–3135
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us