Gas-phase dehydration of glycerol to acrolein catalysed by caesium heteropoly salt
Caesium 12-tungstophosphate, Cs2.5H0.5PW12O40 (CsPW), possessing strong Brønsted acid sites is an active catalyst for the dehydration of glycerol to acrolein in the gas-phase process at 275 °C and 1 bar pressure. The initial glycerol conversion amounts to 100% at 98% acrolein selectivity, however, decreases significantly with the time on stream (∼40% after 6 h) due to catalyst coking, without impairing acrolein selectivity. Doping CsPW with platinum group metals (PGM) (0.3–0.5%) together with co-feeding hydrogen improve catalyst stability to deactivation, while maintaining high selectivity to acrolein. The enhancing effect of PGM was found to increase in the order: Ru ∼ Pt < Pd. The catalyst 0.5%Pd/CsPW gives 96% acrolein selectivity at 79% glycerol conversion, with a specific rate of acrolein production of 23 mmol h−1 gcat−1 at 275 °C and 5 h time on stream, exceeding that reported previously for supported heteropoly acids (5–11 mmol h−1 gcat−1 per total catalyst mass). Evidence is presented regarding the nature of acid sites required for the dehydration of glycerol to acrolein, supporting the importance of strong Brønsted sites for this reaction.
Graphical abstractCs2.5H0.5PW12O40 is an active catalyst for the gas-phase dehydration of glycerol to acrolein. Doping Cs2.5H0.5PW12O40 with palladium together with co-feeding hydrogen improve catalyst stability to deactivation, while maintaining high selectivity to acrolein.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (10 K)Download as PowerPoint slide
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 378, Issue 1, 15 April 2010, Pages 11–18