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Biodegradation of a simulated textile effluent by immobilised-coated laccase in laboratory-scale reactors

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
42236 45916 2010 7 PDF Available
Title
Biodegradation of a simulated textile effluent by immobilised-coated laccase in laboratory-scale reactors
Abstract

Laccase from Trametes pubescens was immobilised on alumina pellets and coated with polyelectrolytes. It was shown that this approach enhanced both laccase stability and reusability. Further, the immobilised-coated laccase was applied to the decolouration of a simulated textile effluent in laboratory-scale reactors. The simulated textile effluent was based on the recalcitrant diazo dye Reactive Black 5 (0.5 g/L). It was found that the decolouration was due to two processes: dye adsorption on the immobilisation support and coating and dye degradation by the laccase enzyme. The adsorption process represented less than 10% of colour removal for all cases, so decolouration was mainly due to laccase action. The decolouration was performed in both batch and continuous modes. A complete decolouration of the effluent was obtained in 30–36 h for the former and 48 h for the latter without the addition of redox mediators. In addition, the decolourised effluent showed lower phytotoxicity than the original one. These encouraging results make the process suitable for its potential implementation at industrial scale.

Graphical abstractLaccase immobilised on alumina pellets and coated with polyelectrolytes was able to decolourise a simulated textile effluent, based on the diazo dye Reactive Black 5 (0.5 g/L), in laboratory-scale bioreactors. It was found that decolouration was mainly due to laccase action. The photograph shows the simulated textile effluent before (A) and after (B) laccase treatment. (For interpretation of the references to colour in this artwork, the reader is referred to the web version of the article.)Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (111 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Laccase; Immobilisation; Bioreactor; Decolouration; Textile effluent
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Biodegradation of a simulated textile effluent by immobilised-coated laccase in laboratory-scale reactors
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 373, Issues 1–2, 31 January 2010, Pages 147–153
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us