Preparation, characterisation and catalytic performance for soot oxidation of copper-containing ZnAl2O4 spinels
Copper-containing ZnAl2O4 catalysts have been properly prepared by the glycothermal method, with copper loaded within the mixed oxide structure (catalyst Zn0.95Cu0.05Al2O4) or impregnated in the previously prepared support ZnAl2O4 (catalyst 5%Cu/ZnAl2O4). The samples were characterised by XRD, HRTEM, SEM-EDAX, N2 adsorption at −196 °C, FT-IR, and H2-TPR, and the catalytic combustion of soot under NOx/O2 was tested. The mixed oxides, with confirmed spinel structure, consist of nanoparticles with around 5–12 nm. The impregnated catalyst is more active for soot combustion than both the bare support and the substituted catalyst, which is attributed to the proper reducibility of copper that catalyses the NO oxidation to NO2. This catalyst is also highly selective towards CO2 formation as soot combustion product.
Graphical abstractCopper-containing ZnAl2O4 spinel nanoparticles (5–12 nm) have been properly prepared by the glycothermal method and characterised by XRD, HRTEM, SEM-EDAX, N2 adsorption at −196 °C, FT-IR, and H2-TPR. Copper was loaded both within the mixed oxide structure (Zn0.95Cu0.05Al2O4) and impregnated (5%Cu/ZnAl2O4) in the previously prepared support (ZnAl2O4), the impregnated sample being the most active catalyst for soot combustion by NOx/O2.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (88 K)Download as PowerPoint slide
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 371, Issues 1–2, 15 December 2009, Pages 92–98