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Multiphase catalytic isomerisation of linoleic acid by transition metal complexes in ionic liquids

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
42393 45923 2009 7 PDF Available
Title
Multiphase catalytic isomerisation of linoleic acid by transition metal complexes in ionic liquids
Abstract

Methyl (ethyl) linoleate and soybean oil were efficiently transformed into their conjugated isomers (linoleic derivatives) by RuHCl(CO)(PPh3)3 or RhCl(PPh3)3 dissolved in ionic liquids (ILs), namely 1-n-butyl-3-methylimidazolium, N,N-methyl-n-butylpyrrolidinium and tetra-n-butylammonium cations associated with bromide (Br−), hexafluorophosphate (PF6−) and bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imidate (NTf2−) anions. For example, methyl linoleate was converted to a mixture of conjugated products (E,Z, Z,Z and E,E linoleic methyl esters) in up to 80% yield when catalyzed by RuHClCO(PPh3)3 in BMI·NTf2 at 80 °C. In the case of RhCl(PPh3)3/SnCl2 associated with BMI·NTf2, complete conversion of methyl or ethyl linoleate was observed after 24 h at 60 °C, with an 85% selectivity for Z,E isomers. However, these reactions were accompanied by extensive transesterification side reactions between the methyl esters or triglycerides. The transesterification side reactions were strongly dependent on the anion of the ionic liquid. For example, extensive ethyl esters were formed in the reaction performed with RhCl(PPh3)3/SnCl2 associated with ethanol in 1-n-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imidate IL (65%). Conversely, the reaction performed using the simple salt NBu4·Br in combination with RhCl(PPh3)3/SnCl2 showed the most impressive results, rendering a more active catalytic system (97% of isomerised soybean oil after 24 h at 60 °C) while preventing transesterification. The use of the Ru and Rh catalyst precursors in combination with ionophilic phosphines decreased metal leaching into the product phase.

Graphical abstractMethyl (ethyl) linoleate and soybean oil were efficiently transformed into their conjugated isomers by RuHCl(CO)(PPh3)3 or RhCl(PPh3)3 dissolved in ionic liquids (ILs). The transesterification side reactions were strongly dependent on the anion of the IL. The use of the Ru and Rh catalyst precursors in combination with ionophilic phosphines decreased metal leaching into the product phase.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Conjugated linoleic acid; Ionic liquids; Biphasic catalysis; Isomerisation
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Multiphase catalytic isomerisation of linoleic acid by transition metal complexes in ionic liquids
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 371, Issues 1–2, 15 December 2009, Pages 114–120
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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