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Deactivation of iron oxide used in the steam-iron process to produce hydrogen

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
42409 45924 2009 13 PDF Available
Title
Deactivation of iron oxide used in the steam-iron process to produce hydrogen
Abstract

In the steam-iron process pure hydrogen can be produced from any hydrocarbon feedstock by using a redox cycle of iron oxide. One of the main problems connected to the use of the iron oxide is the inherent structural changes that take place during oxygen loading and unloading leading to severe deactivation. This deactivation reduces the capability of the material for uptake and release of oxygen, basically due to loss of specific surface area. In this paper a simplified (reactive) sintering model is used to derive a relation for the loss in surface area of the material in the first redox cycles. This model is based on the relative conversion and the resulting swelling of the material during oxidation. Furthermore the grainy pellet model is used to describe the increase in grain size and increase in solid fraction in a particle due to the subsequent cycling of the iron oxide in the redox process. Model predictions are compared with redox experiments of H2/H2O–Fe/Fe3O4 at 800 °C. Grain growth over subsequent cycles could explain the observed deactivation over about 20 cycles satisfactorily.

Graphical abstractThe deactivation of iron oxide in the steam-iron process is caused by a decrease in surface area of the material. A sintering model is used to derive a relation for the loss in surface area, based on the conversion degree of the material. Furthermore a kinetic model is used to model the increase in grain size and increase in solids fraction in a particle.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Steam-iron process; Deactivation; Hydrogen; Iron oxide; Structural changes
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Deactivation of iron oxide used in the steam-iron process to produce hydrogen
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 357, Issue 1, 31 March 2009, Pages 5–17
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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Full-text PDF Download
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