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Investigations of reasons for the deactivation of rhenium oxide alumina catalyst in the metathesis of pentene-1

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
42412 45924 2009 8 PDF Available
Title
Investigations of reasons for the deactivation of rhenium oxide alumina catalyst in the metathesis of pentene-1
Abstract

The metathesis of pentene-1 was studied with a heterogeneous rhenium alumina catalyst where the main focus stood on the catalyst deactivation. The reaction took place at 10 barrel in liquid phase in a tubular reactor. The purity of the pentene-1 has a main influence on deactivation and therefore trace impurities were identified and removed from the pentene-1. Afterwards the deactivation rate could be compared to not or partially purified pentene-1. Furthermore, the influence of temperature was investigated where a strong dependence is recognisable. The experiments also showed that the addition of solvents cannot slower the deactivation rate. Therefore a metathesis in undiluted pentene is preferable. The deactivation of the rhenium catalyst is very likely caused by an intrinsic mechanism. The experiments showed that deactivation occurs when the catalyst has contact to the alkene. This deactivation is not depended on the flow rate of the alkene. Finally the by-products on the catalyst where analysed by stripping at high temperatures. There was no indication of an oligomerisation at reaction temperature. By-products have their origin in side reactions of pentene with double bond isomerisated 4-octene.

Graphical abstractThe metathesis of pentene-1 was studied with a heterogeneous rhenium alumina catalyst where the main focus stood on the catalyst deactivation.The purity of the pentene-1 has a main influence on deactivation and therefore trace impurities were identified and removed from the pentene-1. Afterwards the deactivation rate could be compared to not or partially purified pentene-1. Furthermore, the influence of temperature, solvents, vacuum and the alkene itself on the deactivation were investigated in detail.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Alkene metathesis; Heterogeneous catalysis; Rhenium; Deactivation
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Investigations of reasons for the deactivation of rhenium oxide alumina catalyst in the metathesis of pentene-1
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 357, Issue 1, 31 March 2009, Pages 34–41
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
You save - $31
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