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Oxidation of methanol and total reduced sulfur compounds with ozone over V2O5/TiO2 catalyst: Effect of humidity

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
42456 45926 2009 9 PDF Available
Title
Oxidation of methanol and total reduced sulfur compounds with ozone over V2O5/TiO2 catalyst: Effect of humidity
Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility of using ozone-enhanced catalytic oxidation for the treatment of high volume, low concentration (HVLC) waste gas streams at a Kraft pulp and paper mill that contain hazardous air pollutants such as methanol (CH3OH), reduced sulfur compounds (TRS), including dimethyl sulfide (DMS), dimethyl disulfide (DMDS), methanethiol (MT), hydrogen sulfide (H2S), and saturated with moisture. This paper reports that ozone-enhance V2O5-TiO2 catalyzed oxidation is a stable and effective process to remove methanol and TRS compounds in the presence of moisture that has composition similar to the effluent stream coming out of a pulp mill blow tank.The effect of moisture on the oxidation of CH3OH, MT and DMS was studied using V2O5/TiO2 as a catalyst at different feed compositions (Cmethanol: 1000 and 7500 ppm; CDMS: 250 and 1000 ppm; and CMT: 250 and 1000 ppm) and gas hourly space velocities (37,000–150,000 h−1) at 250 °C and O3-to-substrate mole ratio of 2.1. Conversions of methanol and TRS compounds were high and the main products were CO2, CO and SO2 with small amounts of partial oxidation products. Increasing the relative humidity of the gas stream from zero to 18,000 ppm reduced the conversion of methanol, whereas the conversion of TRS compounds was not affected, although the selectivity for partial oxidation products of TRS compounds decreased. High moisture levels have inhibition effect on the reactions because of competitive adsorption of methanol and water on to the same sites. The increase in the complete oxidation of TRS products could be due to forming hydroxyl ion radicals in presence of ozone and water molecules. Possible reaction mechanisms have been proposed for the complete oxidation of methanol and TRS compounds with ozone based on the product distribution.

Graphical abstractOxidation of air pollutants with ozone over V2O5/TiO2 offers the advantage of performing reactions at low temperatures, resulting in a cost-effective advanced oxidation technology and does not generate secondary pollutants. The effects of humidity and feed compositions on the catalytic activity, reaction pathway and product distribution of methanol and total reduced sulfur (TRS) compounds was studied. Scheme represents reaction mechanism for the oxidation of methanol and TRS with ozone over V2O5/TiO2 catalyst.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Catalytic oxidation; Ozone; Methanol; Dimethyl sulfide; Methanethiol; Effect of humidity
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Oxidation of methanol and total reduced sulfur compounds with ozone over V2O5/TiO2 catalyst: Effect of humidity
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 361, Issues 1–2, 20 June 2009, Pages 72–80
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us