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Hydrogen and ethylene production from partial oxidation of methane on CuCe, CuZr mixed oxides and ZrO2 catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
42473 45927 2010 8 PDF Available
Title
Hydrogen and ethylene production from partial oxidation of methane on CuCe, CuZr mixed oxides and ZrO2 catalysts
Abstract

We prepared non-stoichiometric oxides based on CuO, CeO2 and ZrO2 and determined main structural properties that were tested in the partial oxidation of methane (POM). XRD results indicate that Cu is finely dispersed. It indicates the presence of a CuxCeyOz phase or a solid solution. In situ XRD of the CuCe sample at different temperatures and reduction conditions was obtained to verify the influence of pretreatment. For the CuCe and ZrO2 samples the conversion of methane increases with temperature, reaching maximum conversion at 850 °C, which are close to the equilibrium values, On the other hand, the conversion for the CuZr is much lower. The ethylene selectivity increases above 700 °C for CuCe and ZrO2 and reached 92% at 850 °C on the CuCe and 83% at 800 °C on the ZrO2 and on opposite, low ethylene selectivity for the CuZr catalyst. Both CuCe and ZrO2 are excellent catalysts for ethylene production but less important for H2 production in the partial oxidation of methane. Redox properties of CeO2 and the presence of Cu in the CuCe catalyst favor the formation of Ce ions that may be responsible for the oxygen migration to the molecular methane and formation of CH− radicals.The H2 selectivity is approximately close to the equilibrium value between 500 and 700 °C for CuCe and CuZr catalysts. No hydrogen was formed over ZrO2. Ethylene is formed above 700 °C for CuCe and ZrO2 attaining 92% at 850 °C on the CuCe and 83% at 800 °C on the ZrO2 and in opposite to H2, low ethylene formation on the CuZr catalyst.

Graphical abstractA non-stoichiometric oxides based on CuO, CeO2 and ZrO2 were prepared and tested in the partial oxidation of methane (POM). XRD results indicate that Cu is finely dispersed. It indicates a CuxCeyOz phase. The H2 selectivity is close to the equilibrium between 500 and 700 °C. Ethylene is formed on CuCe and ZrO2 attaining 92% on CuCe and 83% on the ZrO2.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload high-quality image (90 K)Download as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Hydrogen; Ethylene; Mixed oxides; POM
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Hydrogen and ethylene production from partial oxidation of methane on CuCe, CuZr mixed oxides and ZrO2 catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 375, Issue 2, 1 March 2010, Pages 205–212
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us