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Support influences in the Pd-catalyzed racemization and dynamic kinetic resolution of chiral benzylic amines

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
42491 45928 2009 8 PDF Available
Title
Support influences in the Pd-catalyzed racemization and dynamic kinetic resolution of chiral benzylic amines
Abstract

The acid–base properties of the supports for Pd catalysts strongly affect their performance in racemization and dynamic kinetic resolution (DKR) of chiral benzylic amines. The need for a basic support was proven by comparing the racemization results obtained for Pd on silica, on LDH (layered double hydroxide) and on carbon. Pd on amine-functionalized silica proved to be more selective for the racemization of (S)-1-phenylethylamine than Pd on alkaline earth supports or Pd on LDH. The difference in selectivity between various Pd catalysts is determined by the rates of formation of the side products. The rate constants of side product formation processes were even higher in the case of Pd/SiO2 and Pd/C catalysts. The activity of the various catalysts for the rate determining amine dehydrogenation is similar when calculated per surface Pd atom. Combination of a Pd catalyst with Candida antarctica lipase B (Novozyme 435) for a one-pot DKR of 1-phenylethylamine gave the best results when Pd on 3-aminopropyl functionalized silica or Pd on 3-(1-piperazino)propyl functionalized silica were used as racemization catalysts, namely 93% yield of the corresponding (R)-amide, with 99% e.e.

Graphical abstractThe effect of the acid–base properties of the support was tested in racemization and DKR of chiral benzylic amines with Pd catalysts. With Pd on basic supports catalysts the (R)-amide was obtained with yields above 90% and 99% e.e.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Pd catalysts; Basic supports; Chiral amine; Racemization; Dynamic kinetic resolution; Lipases
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Support influences in the Pd-catalyzed racemization and dynamic kinetic resolution of chiral benzylic amines
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 368, Issues 1–2, 31 October 2009, Pages 9–16
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us