fulltext.study @t Gmail

Neodymium-doped alkaline-earth oxide catalysts for propane oxidative dehydrogenation. Part II. Catalytic properties

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
42519 45929 2009 7 PDF Available
Title
Neodymium-doped alkaline-earth oxide catalysts for propane oxidative dehydrogenation. Part II. Catalytic properties
Abstract

Two series of alkaline-earth oxides of Mg, Ca, and Sr, doped with 5 mol% Nd2O3 and synthesised by two different procedures: (i) evaporation of nitrate aqueous solutions followed by nitrate decomposition and (ii) sol–gel technique, have been studied for propane oxidative dehydrogenation reaction. Solid solutions of both Nd in alkaline-earth oxides and of alkaline-earth elements in Nd2O3 were shown to be formed as a result of both preparation procedures. It was observed that Nd increased strongly propane conversion, while propene and ethene selectivity generally followed the catalyst basicity measured by CO2-TPD. The sol–gel preparation led to materials exhibiting enhanced alkene selectivity, higher basicity and higher content of structural defects. The selectivity was observed to increase with propane conversion at increased contact time at difference with what was usually reported for redox-type catalysts. The relationship between catalyst preparation method, solid solution formation, lattice structural defects, surface basicity, and catalytic performance has been discussed.

Graphical abstractTwo series of 5 mol% Nd2O3–AEO (AEO = MgO, CaO, SrO) were synthesised by: (i) evaporation of nitrate solutions followed by nitrate decomposition and (ii) sol–gel technique. The obtained mixed oxides were studied in propane oxidative dehydrogenation. The relationship between catalyst preparation method, surface basicity, solid solution formation, lattice structural defects, and catalytic performance has been discussed.Dependence of C3H8 conversion (a) and selectivity to C3H6 + C2H4 (b) on the reaction temperature. Feed gas composition C3H8/O2/N2 = 20/10/70 vol.% and flow = 50 cm3min−1, catalyst weight 80 mg.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Propane ODH; Oxide catalysts; Lattice defects; Olefin selectivity
First Page Preview
Neodymium-doped alkaline-earth oxide catalysts for propane oxidative dehydrogenation. Part II. Catalytic properties
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 359, Issues 1–2, 15 May 2009, Pages 55–61
Authors
, , , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us