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Hydroformylation of endocyclic double bonds in para-menthenic terpenes under mild conditions

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
42569 45931 2009 6 PDF Available
Title
Hydroformylation of endocyclic double bonds in para-menthenic terpenes under mild conditions
Abstract

Rhodium-catalyzed hydroformylation of a series of para-menthenic terpenes, i.e., terpinolene (1), γ-terpinene (2), and α-terpinene (3), has been studied. The hydroformylation of conjugated diene 3 can be performed at a reasonable rate using triphenylphosphine as an auxiliary ligand (P/Rh = 20), whereas non-conjugated dienes 1 and 2 have showed an extremely low reactivity in the Rh/PPh3 system. The use of a bulky phosphite ligand, i.e., P(O-o-tBuPh)3, significantly increased the rate of the hydroformylation of sterically crowded endocyclic double bonds in all three substrates. Dienes 1–3 have been efficiently hydroformylated to a mixture of fragrance para-menthenic aldehydes with excellent combined yields (ca. 90%) under relatively mild conditions (80 °C, 80 atm). Two or three main aldehydes account for 80–90% of the mass balance for each substrate. Differently from the Rh/PPh3 system, the hydroformylation of conjugated diene 3 in the presence of P(O-o-tBuPh)3 is not complicated by partial catalyst deactivation, probably, because the ligand prevents the formation of unreactive η3-allyl rhodium complexes. The aldehydes obtained have a pleasant scent and can be useful as components of synthetic fragrances.

Graphical abstractThe use of a bulky phosphite ligand, i.e., P(O-o-tBuPh)3, allows to perform the rhodium catalyzed hydroformylation of sterically crowded endocyclic double bonds in terpinolene, γ-terpinene, and α-terpinene under relatively mind conditions. Two or three main fragrance para-menthenic aldehydes account for 80–90% of the mass balance for each substrate.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
para-Menthenic terpenes; Hydroformylation; Rhodium catalyst; Bulky phosphite
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Hydroformylation of endocyclic double bonds in para-menthenic terpenes under mild conditions
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 365, Issue 2, 31 August 2009, Pages 231–236
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
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Price after discount Only $4.95
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