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Characteristics and catalytic properties of Pt–Sn/Al2O3 nanoparticles synthesized by one-step flame spray pyrolysis in the dehydrogenation of propane

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
42582 45932 2009 6 PDF Available
Title
Characteristics and catalytic properties of Pt–Sn/Al2O3 nanoparticles synthesized by one-step flame spray pyrolysis in the dehydrogenation of propane
Abstract

The Pt–Sn/Al2O3 catalysts with 0.3 wt% Pt and 0.5–1.5 wt% Sn loading were prepared by one-step flame spray pyrolysis (FSP). Unlike the catalysts prepared by conventional impregnation method, the FSP-derived catalysts were composed of single-crystalline γ-alumina particles with the as-prepared primary particle size of 10–18 nm and contained only large pores. The FSP catalysts exhibited superior catalytic activity and better stability than the ones made by impregnation in the dehydrogenation of propane, while they did not alter the selectivity to propylene (in all cases, propylene selectivity ≥96%). The presence of large pores in the flame-made catalysts not only facilitated diffusion of the reactants and products but could also lessen the amount of carbon deposited during reactions. As revealed by CO chemisorption, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), the metal particles appeared to be partially covered by the alumina matrix (Al–O) due to the simultaneous formation of particles during FSP synthesis. Such phenomena, however, were shown to result in the formation of active Pt–Sn ensembles for propane dehydrogenation as shown by higher turnover frequencies (TOFs).

Graphical abstractPt–Sn/Al2O3 nanoparticles produced by one-step flame spray pyrolysis (FSP) exhibited higher catalytic activity and better stability with high selectivity to propene in the dehydrogenation of propane compared to the ones prepared by conventional impregnation technique. The better catalytic performance of the FSP-derived catalysts has been correlated well with their advantageous characteristics such as the single crystalline γ-Al2O3 nanoparticles with very large pore size (inter-particle pores) and the formation of active Pt–Sn ensembles in the alumina matrix.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Flame spray pyrolysis; Pt–Sn/Al2O3; Dehydrogenation; Propane
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Characteristics and catalytic properties of Pt–Sn/Al2O3 nanoparticles synthesized by one-step flame spray pyrolysis in the dehydrogenation of propane
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 370, Issues 1–2, 30 November 2009, Pages 1–6
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us