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Characterization of clay intercalated cobalt-salen catalysts for the oxidation of p-cresol

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
42584 45932 2009 8 PDF Available
Title
Characterization of clay intercalated cobalt-salen catalysts for the oxidation of p-cresol
Abstract

The intercalation of cobalt-salen complexes into the interlamelar spaces of montmorillonite clay was investigated by various characterization studies. The “neat” cobalt-salen complex showed a weight loss at 368 °C while the weight loss for the corresponding intercalated complex was observed at much higher temperature of 492 °C due to decomposition of the complex. The thermal stabilization observed was due to the host–guest interaction of clay and metal complex and thus confirmed the intercalation. The XANES spectrum of Co(salen)-mont sample revealed the change of symmetry from the tetrahedral in plane to the octahedral structure having an axial bonding of oxygen to the cobalt, indicating that cobalt atoms in Co(salen)-mont were coordinated axially with the lattice oxygen of montmorillonite. Both XANES and EXAFS results indicated that cobalt atoms in Co(salen)-mont form two additional Co–O bonds with a bond length of 0.199 nm by the intercalation while retaining the Co-salen structure. Co-salen intercalated into the montmorillonite clay showed the highest activity for the air oxidation of p-cresol, giving 88% selectivity to the oxidation products. Effects of NaOH concentration and various solvents on the conversion and selectivity patterns also have been studied.

Graphical abstractIntercalation of cobalt-salen into montmorillonite clay was confirmed by various characterization techniques. The most convincing evidence for intercalation was provided by TGA, XANES and EXAFS. Formation of an additional Co–O bond (bond length of 0.199 nm) as observed from EXAFS studies confirmed the host–guest relationship between cobalt-salen and the montmorillonite clay. This catalyst showed an excellent oxidation activity for p-cresol.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Intercalation; Cobalt-salen; Montmorillonite; X-ray absorption near edge structure; Extended X-ray absorption fine structure; Cobalt–oxygen bond; Lattice oxygen
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Characterization of clay intercalated cobalt-salen catalysts for the oxidation of p-cresol
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 370, Issues 1–2, 30 November 2009, Pages 16–23
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us