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Composition optimization of silica-supported copper (II) chloride substance for phosgene production

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
42602 45933 2009 8 PDF Available
Title
Composition optimization of silica-supported copper (II) chloride substance for phosgene production
Abstract

In this work, we checked the influences of the silica-supported copper (II) chloride substance composition on the oxychlorination of CO to phosgene. The effects of the content of copper (II) chloride, the ratio of copper to potassium, the different kinds of promoters, like sodium chloride, potassium chloride and caesium chloride, and the surface area of silica gel were systematically investigated. The lower surface area of the support can contribute to the formation of phosgene while the higher surface area of the support can lead to a rather low yield of phosgene. The reaction activity of silica-supported copper (II) chloride substance increases with the content of copper chloride (within 30 wt.%). However, in order to avoid the agglomeration of the substance, the content of copper chloride should be less than 30 wt.%. The optimized molar ratio of CuCl2 to KCl is 5:1. Of all three promoters, NaCl, KCl and CsCl, CsCl or KCl can function better than NaCl due to the stronger Lewis basicity. The molten phase can remarkably improve the contact of CuCl2 and CO. On the whole, the lower-surface-area support, the higher content of CuCl2 and the promoter CsCl or KCl are prefered in the oxychlorination of CO.

Graphical abstractThe composition of silica-supported copper (II) chloride substances for the oxychlorination of carbon monoxide to phosgene was optimized systematically here. When the molar ratio of Cu:K = 5:1 and the surface area of SiO2 is 25 m2 g−1, the substance 30Cu:6K/SiO2-1 can be used eight times, and the cumulative yield of phosgene is up to 89.6%.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Oxychlorination; IR; Carbon monoxide; Phosgene; Hydrogen chloride; Silica gel
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Composition optimization of silica-supported copper (II) chloride substance for phosgene production
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 365, Issue 1, 15 August 2009, Pages 20–27
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us