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Oxidation of alkanes and olefins with hydrogen peroxide in acetonitrile solution catalyzed by a mesoporous titanium-silicate Ti-MMM-2 ☆

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
42612 45933 2009 9 PDF Available
Title
Oxidation of alkanes and olefins with hydrogen peroxide in acetonitrile solution catalyzed by a mesoporous titanium-silicate Ti-MMM-2 ☆
Abstract

Mesoporous titanium-silicate Ti-MMM-2 catalyzes oxidation of alkanes (cyclooctane, n-heptane, n-octane, isooctane, methylcyclohexane, cis- and trans-1,2-dimethylcyclohexane) and olefins (cyclooctene, 1-decene, (S)-limonene) by H2O2 in acetonitrile solution at 60 °C. The catalytic reaction is truly heterogeneous in nature. The oxidation occurs via the formation of a ‘Ti–OOH’ species on the catalyst surface which either epoxidizes a nucleophilic double bond or generates, after O–O bond splitting, hydroxyl radical. The HO radical attacks an alkane or olefin C–H bond producing alkyl radical. The reaction R + O2 → ROO leads to the formation of alkyl hydroperoxide as the main product of the alkane oxidation. In the case of alkenes this reaction leads to allylic oxidation products. The composition of products of the olefin oxygenation (the epoxide/alkyl hydroperoxide or epoxide/diol ratios, etc.) strongly depends on the nature of the substrate. In the oxidation of (S)-limonene, isomeric diepoxides are formed along with monoepoxides even at the early stage of the reaction and (SRR)-diepoxide predominates among other products. This can be rationalized by suggesting the epoxidation of the two double bonds to occur simultaneously on two adjacent ‘Ti–O–OH’ centers on the catalyst surface.

Graphical abstractOxidation of alkanes (cyclooctane, n-heptane, n-octane, isooctane, methylcyclohexane, cis- and trans-1,2-dimethylcyclohexane) to alkyl hydroperoxides and olefins [cyclooctene, 1-decene, (S)-limonene] mainly to epoxides and diols with H2O2 in acetonitrile catalyzed by mesoporous titanium-silicate Ti-MMM-2 is described. The reaction of (S)-limonene affords one isomer (SRR) of diepoxide as the main product. This fact indicates that the epoxidation of the two double bonds occurs simultaneously on two adjacent ‘Ti–O–OH’ centers on the catalyst surface.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Alkanes; Alkyl hydroperoxides; Epoxidation; Heterogeneous catalysis; Limonene; Mesoporous materials; Terpenes; Titanium-silicates
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Oxidation of alkanes and olefins with hydrogen peroxide in acetonitrile solution catalyzed by a mesoporous titanium-silicate Ti-MMM-2 ☆
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 365, Issue 1, 15 August 2009, Pages 96–104
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
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