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Transesterification of soybean oil in the presence of diverse alcoholysis agents and Sn(IV) organometallic complexes as catalysts, employing two different types of reactors

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
42613 45933 2009 5 PDF Available
Title
Transesterification of soybean oil in the presence of diverse alcoholysis agents and Sn(IV) organometallic complexes as catalysts, employing two different types of reactors
Abstract

A systematic study on alcoholysis of soybean oil in the presence of Sn(IV) complexes, to produce fatty acid alkyl esters, was carried out under different reaction conditions. Firstly, two different types of reactors have been employed and compared: an open glass reactor, equipped with a reflux condenser, and a closed steel reactor. Results point out that the use of the closed steel reactor is advantageous, since higher yields are obtained in shorter reaction times. In the sequence, five alcohols have been used as alcoholysis agents (methanol, ethanol, n-butanol, iso-propanol, and iso-butanol) in the presence of dibutyl tin dilaurate as catalyst. Under these conditions and using only a slight excess of alcohol, high yields of fatty acid alkyl esters were obtained.

Graphical abstractA study on alcoholysis of soybean oil in the presence of Sn(IV) complexes was carried out. The results point out that the use of the closed steel reactor is advantageous, since higher yields are obtained in shorter reaction times. Several alcohols have been used as alcoholysis agents and using only a slight excess of alcohol, high yields of reaction were obtained.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Biodiesel; Tin(IV) complexes; Transesterification; Alcoholysis
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Transesterification of soybean oil in the presence of diverse alcoholysis agents and Sn(IV) organometallic complexes as catalysts, employing two different types of reactors
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 365, Issue 1, 15 August 2009, Pages 105–109
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us