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Kinetics of photoconversion of cyclohexane and benzene by LnVO4 and LnMo0.15V0.85O4 (Ln = Ce, Pr and Nd)

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
42627 45934 2008 9 PDF Available
Title
Kinetics of photoconversion of cyclohexane and benzene by LnVO4 and LnMo0.15V0.85O4 (Ln = Ce, Pr and Nd)
Abstract

The orthovanadates LnVO4, and molybdovanadates LnMo0.15V0.85O4 (Ln = Ce, Pr and Nd), were synthesized via solid-state method. The crystal structure and the band gap of these compounds were determined by powder X-ray diffraction and UV–visible spectroscopy, respectively. The photocatalytic activities of these materials towards the oxidation of cyclohexane to cyclohexanol and cyclohexanone and towards hydroxylation of benzene to phenol were investigated. A detailed free radical mechanism for the oxidation of cyclohexane has been proposed and the reaction rate coefficients were determined. The hydroxylation of benzene to phenol was modeled using a simple series reaction mechanism. The rate coefficients show that CeVO4 exhibited superior photocatalytic activity and selectivity for the oxidation of cyclohexane to cyclohexanone compared to all other catalysts. For the hydroxylation of benzene, PrMo0.15V0.85O4 yielded high amounts of phenol. The observed trends in photoactivity are in good agreement with the band structure of these compounds.

Graphical abstractThe photocatalytic activities of the orthovanadates LnVO4 and molybdovanadates LnMo0.15V0.85O4 (Ln = Ce, Pr and Nd) were determined. The experimental and model-predicted time evolutions of phenol during the photo-hydroxylation of benzene with LnMo0.15V0.85O4 (Ln = Ce, Nd, Pr) and commercial Degussa titania (P-25) are shown in the above figure. Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Lanthanides; Orthovanadates; Molybdovanadates; Photo-oxidation; Photo-hydroxylation
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Kinetics of photoconversion of cyclohexane and benzene by LnVO4 and LnMo0.15V0.85O4 (Ln = Ce, Pr and Nd)
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 351, Issue 1, 15 December 2008, Pages 45–53
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us