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Trimerization of isobutene over WOx/ZrO2 catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
42667 45936 2009 5 PDF Available
Title
Trimerization of isobutene over WOx/ZrO2 catalysts
Abstract

Trimerization of isobutene to produce isobutene trimers has been investigated over WOx/ZrO2 catalysts that were obtained by wet-impregnation and successive calcination at high temperatures. Very stable isobutene conversion and high selectivity for trimers are attained over a WOx/ZrO2 catalyst obtained by calcination at 700 °C. From the XRD study it can be understood that tetragonal ZrO2 is beneficial for stable performance; however, monoclinic ZrO2 is not good for trimerization. Nitrogen adsorption and FTIR experiments suggest that amorphous WOx/ZrO2 is inefficient catalyst even though it has high surface area and high concentration of acid sites. The observed performance with the increased selectivity and stable conversion demonstrates that a WOx/ZrO2 having tetragonal zirconia, even with decreased porosity and acid sites, is one of the best catalysts to exhibit stable and high conversion, high selectivity for trimers and facile regeneration.

Graphical abstractIsobutene can be trimerized very effectively over WOx/ZrO2 catalyst that is obtained by impregnation and high temperature calcination at 700 °C. The WOx/ZrO2 catalyst having the tetragonal structure of zirconia is one of the best catalysts for the isobutene trimerization exhibiting stable and high conversion, high selectivity for trimers and facile regeneration.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
WOx/ZrO2; Isobutene; Trimerization; Lewis acid site
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Trimerization of isobutene over WOx/ZrO2 catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 366, Issue 2, 25 September 2009, Pages 299–303
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
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Price after discount Only $4.95
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