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Performance of carbon nanomaterial (nanotubes and nanofibres) supported platinum and palladium catalysts for the hydrogenation of cinnamaldehyde and of 1-octyne

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
42693 45937 2009 11 PDF Available
Title
Performance of carbon nanomaterial (nanotubes and nanofibres) supported platinum and palladium catalysts for the hydrogenation of cinnamaldehyde and of 1-octyne
Abstract

Within this work, different carbon nanomaterials, multi-walled nanotubes (MW-CNT) as well was herringbone (HB-CNF) and platelet nanofibres (PL-CNF), were synthesised and loaded with the active metal (platinum or palladium) by means of selected functionalisation techniques. As loading methods conventional techniques (wetness impregnation (WI), ion adsorption (IA), homogeneous deposition precipitation (HDP)) as well as a very young method, the colloidal microwave process (CMP), were applied. For comparison, a conventional activated charcoal (Fluka, Norit) was loaded by the CMP. In addition, commercial catalysts such as Pt- and Pd-catalysts on activated charcoal (Fluka) as well as the industrially well-established Lindlar catalyst (Fluka) and a Pt/alumina material (Aldrich) were employed.In order to evaluate the catalytic performance of the materials, two different hydrogenation reactions were carried out. The platinum materials were tested for the hydrogenation of cinnamaldehyde and the palladium catalysts were applied in the hydrogenation of 1-octyne.Regarding the hydrogenation of cinnamaldehyde, the materials produced via the CMP showed the best results in terms of activity and selectivity towards the desired intermediate cinnamyl alcohol in comparison to the commercial materials. It was also shown that not only the functionalisation technique (CMP) but also the support material is crucial concerning catalyst performance. Thus, with the herringbone nanofibre supported Pt-catalyst (CMP) the most promising results were obtained with respect to activity and selectivity.Within the hydrogenation of 1-octyne the CMP-loaded Pt/platelet-nanofibre catalyst showed similar characteristics in activity and selectivity compared to the commercial Lindlar catalyst. However, in long term experiments the nanofibre material featured much higher stability. A commercial Pt/activated charcoal material was most active but least selective towards the favoured intermediate 1-octene.The presented results indicate a strong influence of carbon nanomaterials as a support and of the functionalisation technique on the performance of hydrogenation catalysts.

Graphical abstractThe aim of the present work is to compare the activity, selectivity and stability of carbon nanomaterial based catalysts prepared by different functionalisation techniques (e.g. by the novel colloidal microwave process, see figure) with commercial catalysts containing common supports like activated charcoal, alumina and calcium carbonate. The catalyst performance was tested in the hydrogenation of cinnamaldehyde and in the hydrogenation of 1-octyne, respectively.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Carbon nanotubes; Carbon nanofibres; Colloidal microwave process; Platinum; Palladium; Hydrogenation; 1-Octyne; Cinnamaldehyde
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Performance of carbon nanomaterial (nanotubes and nanofibres) supported platinum and palladium catalysts for the hydrogenation of cinnamaldehyde and of 1-octyne
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 362, Issues 1–2, 30 June 2009, Pages 95–105
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us