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Octahedral molecular sieves of the type K-OMS-2 with different particle sizes and morphologies: Impact on the catalytic properties in the aerobic partial oxidation of benzyl alcohol

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
42712 45938 2009 8 PDF Available
Title
Octahedral molecular sieves of the type K-OMS-2 with different particle sizes and morphologies: Impact on the catalytic properties in the aerobic partial oxidation of benzyl alcohol
Abstract

Manganese-based octahedral molecular sieves of the type K-OMS-2 (cryptomelane structure) with different morphologies and specific surface areas in the range of 20–135 m2 g−1 were prepared via synproportionation of KMnO4 and Mn2+ salts, either in acidic aqueous suspension (reflux method) or by a solid-state reaction, and via oxidation of MnSO4 either by K2Cr2O7 or by molecular oxygen in aqueous solution. For the reflux method, the influence of K+ cations for the formation of the OMS-2 structure was proven. When KMnO4 is replaced by Ba(MnO4)2, the anion in the Mn2+ salt exerts a strong influence on the synthesis product. All materials were characterized by elemental analysis (ICP-OES), XRD, nitrogen sorption, scanning electron microscopy and TGA.For the oxidation of benzyl alcohol with molecular oxygen in liquid toluene at 110 °C, the catalytic activity of the K-OMS-2 materials is directly correlated to their specific surface area ABET. Since ABET increases with decreasing average crystallite diameter, the catalytic conversion presumably occurs at the outer crystallite surface. These relations are independent of morphology or synthesis procedure. The K-OMS-2 materials are more active than crystalline manganese oxides (MnO, Mn2O3, Mn3O4, β-MnO2), but less active than amorphous MnO2. Regeneration of deactivated K-OMS-2 catalysts can be achieved by calcining at 300 °C in air, partly due to the reversible desorption of water.

Graphical abstractCrystalline, manganese-oxide-based octahedral molecular sieves of the type K-OMS-2 with different particle size and morphology were studied as catalysts in the selective liquid-phase oxidation of benzyl alcohol. A systematic comparison of these materials with both crystalline and amorphous manganese oxides proofs the superior activity of the K-OMS-2 catalysts. The catalytic conversion is shown to occur predominantly on the outer surface of the crystallites.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Octahedral molecular sieves; K-OMS-2; Partial oxidation; Benzyl alcohol; Manganese oxides
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Octahedral molecular sieves of the type K-OMS-2 with different particle sizes and morphologies: Impact on the catalytic properties in the aerobic partial oxidation of benzyl alcohol
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 355, Issues 1–2, 28 February 2009, Pages 42–49
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
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Price after discount Only $4.95
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