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Heterogeneous catalysis of calcium oxide used for transesterification of soybean oil with refluxing methanol

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
42718 45938 2009 6 PDF Available
Title
Heterogeneous catalysis of calcium oxide used for transesterification of soybean oil with refluxing methanol
Abstract

Much interest has been taken in finding a solid base catalyst for a reaction to produce biodiesel. Calcium oxide has the great advantage of the enhanced catalytic activity, but the soluble substance is leached away from the solid base catalyst during the reaction. In this paper, the leaching of solid base catalyst was investigated on the basis of data from the heterogeneous catalytic transesterification of soybean oil at reflux of methanol. When calcium oxide was employed for the reaction, the calcium contents of the produced oil and glycerol were 139 and 4602 ppm, respectively. This data indicated that the amount of the soluble substance corresponded to 10.5 wt% of the employed catalyst. Since calcium oxide was transformed into calcium diglyceroxide at the beginning of the reaction, many of the soluble substances derived from calcium diglyceroxide. Also, the soluble substances were rather active in the soybean oil transesterification. On the other hand, calcium diglyceroxide was employed for the reaction, with the result that the amount of the soluble substance was only 4.0 wt%. In this case, the soluble substance did not catalyze the conversion of soybean oil into its methyl esters. Based on the experimental results, the heterogeneous catalysis of calcium oxide was discussed. Additionally, removal of the soluble substance by cation-exchange resin was tested in order to purify the produced oil.

Graphical abstractCalcium oxide has the great advantage of the enhanced catalytic activity, but the soluble substance is leached away from the solid base catalyst during the vegetable oil transesterification. We investigated the leaching of solid base catalyst by performing the heterogeneous catalytic transesterification of soybean oil under reflux of methanol. When calcium oxide was employed for the reaction, the amount of the soluble substance reached 10.5 wt%. The solid base catalyst was reused with the result that the leaching of the solid base catalyst was mitigated. The catalytic activity of the soluble substance was also measured. From the experimental results, the heterogeneous catalysis of calcium oxide was discussed.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Solid base catalyst; Biodiesel; Calcium oxide; Calcium diglyceroxide; Transesterification
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Heterogeneous catalysis of calcium oxide used for transesterification of soybean oil with refluxing methanol
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 355, Issues 1–2, 28 February 2009, Pages 94–99
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us