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Silica supported tungsta-zirconia catalysts for hydroisomerization–cracking of long alkanes

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
42722 45938 2009 9 PDF Available
Title
Silica supported tungsta-zirconia catalysts for hydroisomerization–cracking of long alkanes
Abstract

New acidic materials with fairly uniform mesoporous texture were synthesized by deposition of tungsten promoted zirconia (WZ) over a wide pore silica carrier (SiO2). High dispersion of the tungsten-zirconia crystallites was achieved by a two-step controlled impregnation procedure. A first deposition of zirconia was performed by controlled hydrolysis of alkoxide. Impregnation of tungstate was performed by incipient wetness impregnation of ammonium metatungstate.The catalysts show an activation pattern for the reaction of 1-butene similar to bulk tungsten-zirconia catalyst, with an optimum at a calcination temperature of 750 °C. Supported zirconia crystallizes almost exclusively as tetragonal crystallites.The catalysts were tested in the reaction of hydroisomerization–cracking of n-octane (300 °C, 1 atm, WHSV = 1 h−1 and H2/n-C8 = 6 mol/mol) for the production of light isoalkanes (isobutane, isopentane, isohexane) of high octane number. The tried catalysts had a high catalytic activity and this result was related to the high surface area of the supported catalyst. Both bulk and supported catalysts deactivated rapidly if they did not contain Pt. Impregnation with Pt and the use of H2 in the reaction medium enable the hydrogenation of coke precursors and the stabilization of the catalyst. A stable performance was obtained at a moderate activity level. This was attributed to the presence of Pt/SiO2 particles with a stronger metal function than Pt/WZ due to a lower metal–support interaction. Silica supported catalysts would have a higher hydrogenating activity and this would be crucial for enhancing their stability in comparison to bulk Pt/WZ catalysts.Tungsten addition to supported zirconia in amounts greater than 7.5% produced segregation of a WO3 phase in the form of crystallites that plugged pores and produced a reduction of the available area and hence of the overall catalytic activity.For the WZ supported catalysts activity as a function of calcination temperature had a pattern similar to that of bulk WZ catalysts. Supported WZ catalysts were more stable in the n-octane isomerization reaction and reached a pseudo steady state even at very low H2 partial pressures while bulk WZ catalysts deactivated continuously and stabilized only at high H2 partial pressures. On a mass basis of active WZ phase some supported catalysts had a higher activity than bulk WZ. They also have a more open pore structure more suitable for the reaction of bulky molecules. However the dilution effect of silica produces catalysts with a relatively low activity per unit volume.

Graphical abstractNew acidic materials with uniform mesoporous texture were synthesized by dispersion of tungsten promoted zirconia over a wide pore silica carrier. The catalysts showed both an activation temperature and a coke deactivation pattern in acid catalyzed isomerization similar to bulk tungsten-zirconia catalysts. On a mass basis of active tungsten-zirconia phase some supported catalysts had a higher activity than bulk tungsten-zirconia. Their open pore structure made them more suitable for the reaction of bulky molecules.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Supported zirconia; Silica; Tungsten-zirconia; Hydroisomerization; Hydrocracking; Long alkanes
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Silica supported tungsta-zirconia catalysts for hydroisomerization–cracking of long alkanes
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 355, Issues 1–2, 28 February 2009, Pages 123–131
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
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Price after discount Only $4.95
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