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Synthesis, characterization and reactivity of Lewis acid/surfactant cerium trisdodecylsulfate catalyst for transesterification and esterification reactions

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
42724 45938 2009 9 PDF Available
Title
Synthesis, characterization and reactivity of Lewis acid/surfactant cerium trisdodecylsulfate catalyst for transesterification and esterification reactions
Abstract

This article reports the synthesis, characterization and application of cerium(III) trisdodecylsulfate trihydrate (Ce[OSO3C12H25]3·3H2O) as a Lewis acid-surfactant-combined catalyst for the production of alkyl esters by solvent-free transesterification and esterification reactions. The new material presents a bilayer lamellar arrangement with an interplanar spacing of d001 = 3.76 nm, and the dodecylsulfate headgroup in a C2v symmetry. The reaction of soybean oil and oleic acid with light alcohols (methanol and ethanol) was used as model reactions and high catalytic activity (TOF = 57.4 mol h−1 molcat−1) was observed. The catalyst converted the used feedstocks to esters in less than 4 h with yields greater than 95%. In addition, it can be used to produce biofuels from unrefined and waste oils in which both triacylglyceride and free fatty acid molecules are present. After reaction, the recovered catalyst maintained its activity (≥95%) for three cycles. The catalyst was characterized by elemental analysis, X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), thermal analysis (thermogravimetry (TG)/derivative thermogravimetry (DTG)/differential thermal analysis (DTA)), pyridine adsorption, and spectroscopic analysis (FTIR and NMR).

Graphical abstractThe Lewis acid/surfactant cerium trisdodecylsulfate catalyst was prepared, characterized, and applied in the production of alkyl esters by solvent-free transesterification and esterification reactions. High catalytic activities were found for the reaction of soybean oil and oleic acid with light alcohols. The recovered catalyst was recycled without loss of catalytic activity.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Cerium trisdodecylsulfate; Lewis acid-surfactant-combined catalyst; Transesterification; Esterification; Biodiesel
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Synthesis, characterization and reactivity of Lewis acid/surfactant cerium trisdodecylsulfate catalyst for transesterification and esterification reactions
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 355, Issues 1–2, 28 February 2009, Pages 139–147
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us