Metathesis of fluorinated olefins by ruthenium alkylidene catalysts. Fluorine substituent effects on a Ru-carbene (alkylidene) complex stability: A computational study
Cross-metathesis reaction pathways of ethylene (2a), trans-1,2-dichloro-ethylene (2b) and fluorinated olefins trans-1,2-difluoro-ethylene (2c) and tetrafluoro-ethylene (2d), with norbornene (NB) using a (1,3-diphenyl-4,5-dihydroimidazol-2-ylidene) (PCy3)CI2Ru = CHPh (I) have been studied at B3LYP/LACVP* level of theory. The calculated ΔG of reactions for olefins 2a, 2b, 2c and 2d were of 2.5, −2.0, −11.9 and −31.6 kcal/mol, respectively. The calculations show that the natural charge at a Ru center is strongly dependent on substituent nature and can be a measure of the carbene stability. The stabilization of a metallacarbene is due to the stabilization of the metal center and not a carbene carbon itself.
Graphical abstractClorine and especially fluorine substituents at carbene atom stabilize ruthenium-carbene complexes by the electron density transfer to Ru center from lonely pairs of halogen atom through pz orbital of carbene carbon. Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 355, Issues 1–2, 28 February 2009, Pages 148–155