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An investigation of carbon-supported CuCl2/PdCl2 catalysts for diethyl carbonate synthesis

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
42758 45940 2009 13 PDF Available
Title
An investigation of carbon-supported CuCl2/PdCl2 catalysts for diethyl carbonate synthesis
Abstract

The synthesis of diethyl carbonate (DEC) by the oxidative carbonylation of ethanol was investigated using catalysts prepared by the dispersion of CuCl2 and PdCl2 on amorphous carbon promoted with KCl and NaOH. Catalysts were characterized extensively by XRD, XAFS, SEM and TEM with the aim of establishing their composition and structure after preparation, pretreatment, and use. It was observed that after preparation and pretreatment in He at 423 K copper is present almost exclusively as Cu(I), most likely in the form of [CuCl2]− anions, whereas palladium is present as large PdCl2 particles. Catalysts prepared exclusively with copper or palladium chloride are inactive for DEC synthesis, indicating that both components must be present together. Evidence from XANES and EXAFS suggests that the DEC synthesis may occur on [PdCl2−x][CuCl2]x species deposited on the surface of the PdCl2 particles. As-prepared catalysts exhibit an increase in DEC synthesis activity and selectivity with time on stream, but then reach a maximum activity and selectivity, followed by a slow decrease in DEC activity. The loss of DEC activity is accompanied by a loss in Cl from the catalyst and the appearance of paratacamite.

Graphical abstractThe synthesis of diethyl carbonate by the oxidative carbonylation of ethanol was investigated using catalysts prepared by dispersing CuCl2 and PdCl2 on amorphous carbon. Evidence from XRD, XAFS, SEM and TEM indicated that copper is present as [CuCl2]− anions, whereas palladium exists as large PdCl2 particles. Together with catalysis data, these results suggest that DEC synthesis may occur on [PdCl2−x][CuCl2]x species deposited on the surface of PdCl2 particles.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Diethyl carbonate; Chlorocuprates; Copper chloride; Palladium chloride; Carbon-supported catalysis; X-ray absorption spectroscopy
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An investigation of carbon-supported CuCl2/PdCl2 catalysts for diethyl carbonate synthesis
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 366, Issue 1, 15 September 2009, Pages 71–83
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
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