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Spectroscopic study and catalytic evaluation of mesostructured Al-MCM-41 and Pt/H3PW12O40/Al-MCM-41 catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
42792 45941 2009 13 PDF Available
Title
Spectroscopic study and catalytic evaluation of mesostructured Al-MCM-41 and Pt/H3PW12O40/Al-MCM-41 catalysts
Abstract

Mesostructured Al-MCM-41 materials (referred as CSAn, where n = Si/Al molar ratio = 50, 30 and 10, respectively) and 12-tungstophosphoric acid promoted Pt/Al-MCM-41 catalysts were investigated by a variety of spectroscopic techniques. Aluminum ions were distributed within the resultant solid having 4, 5 or 6-coordination, in different proportion, which correlate with the formation of Brönsted acidity. Grafting the H3PW12O40 heteropolyacid (referred as HPW) on the Al-MCM-41 solids not only noticeably enhanced, by 2–3 times, the number of Brönsted acid sites, but also greatly improved the acidity strength, with respect to that of the bare host. The primary structure of the Keggin units of the supported heteropolyacid was largely preserved after calcination at 350 °C; however, small parts of the Keggin units were strongly distorted or deformed due to the strong interaction between the heteropolyanions and the hydroxyl groups of the support. Catalytic evaluation confirmed that 1 wt.%Pt/25 wt.%HPW/Al-MCM-41 (denoted as Pt/HPW/CSAn) catalysts were very active for n-heptane isomerization in the presence of hydrogen under an atmospheric pressure condition. High yield of multibranched isoheptanes was produced, which was dependent on the pore diameter and the Brönsted acidity of the catalysts. The molar ratio of multibranched to monobranched isoheptanes is much higher than that reported in the literature under similar reaction conditions using zeolite-containing catalysts, showing the potential of producing high octane number fuel through the approach of n-heptane hydroisomerization by using our novel mesostructured catalysts.

Graphical abstractGrafting 12-tungstophosphoric acid on Al-MCM-41 could greatly enhance both the number and strength of Brönsted acidity. In the n-heptane hydroisomerization at an atmospheric pressure condition, high molar ratio of multibranched to monbranched isoheptanes was obtained over the heteropolyacid promoted Pt/H3PW12O40/Al-MCM-41 catalysts. The unique selectivity of multibranched isoheptanes was related to ordered mesopore structure and strong surface acidity.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Al-MCM-41, H3PW12O40; n-Heptane; Mesoporous catalyst; Hydroisomerization; Acidity
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Spectroscopic study and catalytic evaluation of mesostructured Al-MCM-41 and Pt/H3PW12O40/Al-MCM-41 catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 357, Issue 2, 15 April 2009, Pages 223–235
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us