Significant effect of acidity on catalytic behaviors of Cs-substituted polyoxometalates for oxidative dehydrogenation of propane
Two series of Keggin-type polyoxometalates (i.e., CsxH3−xPMo12O40 and CsxH4−xPVMo11O40) with different cesium contents have been studied for the oxidative dehydrogenation of propane at a mild temperature (653 K). The conversion of propane decreases while the selectivity to propylene increases with increasing cesium content, and the yield of propylene reaches a maximum at appropriate cesium content for either series of catalysts. The best yield of propylene (9.3%) has been achieved over the CsxH3−xPMo12O40 catalyst with an x value of 2.56, and the vanadium substitution cannot enhance the maximum yield of propylene. The correlation between catalytic behaviors and physicochemical properties of the catalysts suggests that the acidity of the present catalysts plays crucial roles in the oxidative dehydrogenation of propane. It is clarified that the rate of propane conversion increases proportionally to the concentration of Brønsted acid sites, whereas the selectivity to propylene decreases with increasing the surface acidity.
Graphical abstractPropane conversion decreases while propylene selectivity increases with increasing cesium content in the CsxH3−xPMo12O40 (x = 2–3) and CsxH4−xPVMo11O40 (x = 2–4) catalysts with different cesium contents. We have clarified that the rate of propane conversion increases proportionally to the concentration of surface Brønsted acid sites, whereas the selectivity to propylene decreases with increasing the surface acidity.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 349, Issues 1–2, 31 October 2008, Pages 212–221