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Study of reaction intermediates of methanol decomposition and catalytic partial oxidation on Pt/Al2O3

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
42833 45943 2009 7 PDF Available
Title
Study of reaction intermediates of methanol decomposition and catalytic partial oxidation on Pt/Al2O3
Abstract

Methanol is considered a promising liquid fuel for hydrogen fuel cell systems. Catalytic partial oxidation (CPO) of methanol offers the potential of producing hydrogen for these systems, and is capable of high hydrogen production rates with no heat addition. However, the mechanism of methanol CPO is not completely understood due to its complexity. In this work, methanol CPO on Pt/Al2O3 catalysts was studied using in situ diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy (DRIFTS) and mass spectrometry.Methanol adsorption experiments were conducted on different catalyst states. Methoxy species, CH3Os, were formed during dissociative adsorption of methanol. As temperature was increased, formate adspecies, likely formed by reaction of methoxy species with surface hydroxyls, were increasingly formed. Ignition of CPO was also studied, and it was found to occur at room temperature on both reduced and oxidized powder catalysts. Formate disappeared during this process, while CO species and CO2 were detected in the products.CPO was studied at different temperatures from 723 K to 973 K, and for methanol to oxygen mole ratios from 2 to 4. It was found that CO2 productivity increased at lower temperatures and H2 and CO had a higher selectivity at higher temperatures. Fuel lean conditions favored H2 and HCOOH production. CO2 increased when O2 concentration increased in the reaction mixture.These results suggest that formate was one of the important intermediates in the methanol partial oxidation reaction pathway. Indirect formate decomposition is dominant for CO2 production in the reactions at higher temperatures.

Graphical abstractMethanol decomposition and catalytic partial oxidation on Pt/Al2O3 catalysts were studied using in situ diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy (DRIFTS). Methanol adsorption was conducted on different catalyst states and CPO was studied at different temperatures methanol to oxygen ratios. It is suggested that formate was one of the important intermediates in the reaction pathway. Indirect formate decomposition is dominant for CO2 production in the reactions at higher temperatures.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
In situ DRIFTS; Catalytic partial oxidation; Methanol; Pt/Al2O3
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Study of reaction intermediates of methanol decomposition and catalytic partial oxidation on Pt/Al2O3
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 354, Issues 1–2, 15 February 2009, Pages 26–32
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us