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Structures and CO oxidation activities of size-selected Au nanoparticles in mesoporous titania-coated silica aerogels

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
42874 45944 2009 7 PDF Available
Title
Structures and CO oxidation activities of size-selected Au nanoparticles in mesoporous titania-coated silica aerogels
Abstract

We have prepared Au/Titania-coated silica aerogel catalysts from Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) having well-regulated sizes in the range 1.4–6.4 nm, through heat-treatment of thiol-capped AuNPs, size-separation through fractional precipitation, and adsorption of the AuNPs on the support in a nonpolar solvent. The Au particle size was preserved during calcination of the catalyst samples at 673 K and subsequent CO oxidation. The turnover frequency for CO oxidation of the catalysts changed drastically when their sizes varied from 4 to 5 nm, but it did not change appreciably in other size regions. X-ray absorption spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction measurements revealed that lattice contraction and structural changes become prominent at Au diameters of less than 4–5 nm. Thus, the structural changes that occurred in the AuNPs in this diameter region are consistent with the enhanced catalytic activity.

Graphical abstractWe have prepared Au/Titania-coated silica aerogel catalysts from Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) having sizes in the range 1.4–6.4 nm. The turnover frequency for CO oxidation mediated by the catalysts changed drastically when their sizes changed over the range from 4 to 5 nm, but did not change appreciably over other size regions. X-ray absorption spectra and X-ray diffraction measurements revealed that lattice contraction and structural changes became prominent when the Au diameters were less than 4–5 nm.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Supported gold catalyst; Au nanoparticle; Aerogel support; Size-dependence; CO oxidation; TEM; EXAFS; XRD
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Structures and CO oxidation activities of size-selected Au nanoparticles in mesoporous titania-coated silica aerogels
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 364, Issues 1–2, 31 July 2009, Pages 143–149
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us