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Effect of hydrogen on carbon formation on Ni/YSZ composites exposed to methane

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
42899 45945 2008 6 PDF Available
Title
Effect of hydrogen on carbon formation on Ni/YSZ composites exposed to methane
Abstract

Nickel/yttria-stabilized zirconia (Ni/YSZ) is the conventional anode material for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC). Although these anodes have many advantages, they suffer from carbon formation when exposed to hydrocarbon feeds. One potential way to decrease the severity and extent of carbon formation is to increase the hydrogen content of the feed. In this work, Ni/YSZ composites have been prepared and exposed at 1073 K to humidified feeds containing hydrogen to methane ratios varying between 0 and 1.5. The Ni/YSZ composites were analyzed using temperature-programmed oxidation (TPO), temperature-programmed hydrogenation (TPH), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Our results demonstrated that TPH techniques can be effectively used to characterize and fully remove the carbon formed on Ni/YSZ composites provided that the hydrogen content of the analysis stream is sufficient. Hydrogen addition to methane in the inlet feed significantly decreased the degree of carbon formation, and removal of the carbon using hydrogen rather than oxygen resulted in less damage to the microstructure.

Graphical abstractThe carbon deposits formed on Ni/YSZ exposed at 1073 K to humidified feeds containing H2:CH4 ratios between 0 and 1.5 were examined using temperature-programmed oxidation, temperature-programmed hydrogenation, and scanning electron microscopy. The carbon can be fully removed using hydrogen provided that the hydrogen concentration is sufficient. Reaction and regeneration with hydrogen results in the least damage to the Ni/YSZ microstructure. Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Ni/YSZ; Carbon deposition; Temperature-programmed oxidation; Temperature-programmed hydrogenation; SOFC; Hydrogen
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Effect of hydrogen on carbon formation on Ni/YSZ composites exposed to methane
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 347, Issue 1, 1 September 2008, Pages 106–111
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us