Gel derived niobium–silicon mixed oxides: Characterization and catalytic activity for cyclooctene epoxidation
Niobium–silicon mixed oxide nanocomposites, containing 7–37 wt.% Nb, were synthesized by a new sol–gel route and characterized for textural and acid properties by N2 adsorption, NH3 TPD and FTIR of adsorbed acetonitrile. The materials were tested as catalysts for epoxidation of cyclooctene with H2O2. High surface areas (>150 m2 g−1), decreasing with Nb content, were found for materials containing up to 23.0 wt.% Nb. FTIR and TPD measurements evidenced the presence of both Brønsted and Lewis acid sites with different strength. The amount of strong acid sites, relative to those of low or moderate strength, increased with Nb content.The materials containing up to 23.0 wt.% Nb were active and stable catalysts for the epoxidation of cyclooctene. The highest activity and H2O2 selectivity was found for the catalyst with the lowest Nb content, that showed also high stability in reuse. Catalytic properties were related to acid sites and to the presence of NbOx species with different coordination.
Graphical abstractNb2O5–SiO2 catalysts were synthesized by a new sol–gel route and their activity was tested in the epoxidation of cyclooctene with H2O2. The mechanism involves the reaction of a cyclooctene molecule with a NbOOH group formed by reaction of H2O2 with the Brønsted and/or Lewis acid sites of the catalysts. Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 347, Issue 2, 15 September 2008, Pages 179–185