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Sustainable production of acrolein: Preparation and characterization of zirconia-supported 12-tungstophosphoric acid catalyst for gas-phase dehydration of glycerol

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
42943 45948 2009 10 PDF Available
Title
Sustainable production of acrolein: Preparation and characterization of zirconia-supported 12-tungstophosphoric acid catalyst for gas-phase dehydration of glycerol
Abstract

ZrO2-supported H3PW12O40 (HPW) catalysts were used to catalyze the dehydration of glycerol to produce acrolein at 315 °C under a high space velocity (GHSVGlycerol = 400 h−1). The catalysts were prepared by varying the loading of HPW on two ZrO(OH)2 supports of different preparations, followed by calcination in flowing nitrogen. The use of alcogel-derived ZrO(OH)2-AN for the support, compared with conventional hydrogel-derived ZrO(OH)2-CP, produced HPW/ZrO2 catalysts that showed higher surface areas and better catalytic performance for the selective formation of acrolein from glycerol dehydration. Independent of the preparation history of ZrO2, the Keggin-anion density (HPW nm−2) at the catalyst surface appeared as a key to the selectivity and mass-specific activity of HPW for acrolein production. Acrolein selectivity as high as 70 mol% was obtained over the catalysts having the intermediate densities (0.18–0.65 HPW nm−2), at which most of the Keggin HPW remained intact after calcination up to 650 °C. At higher densities, destruction of the Keggin HPW would occur during the calcination, which led to lower acrolein selectivity. High selectivity (71 mol%) and high yield (≥54%) for acrolein production were found sustainable over the best performing HPW/ZrO2-AN catalyst for reaction times up to 10 h.

Graphical abstractThe use of alcogel-derived ZrO(OH)2-AN for the support, compared with conventional hydrogel-derived ZrO(OH)2-CP, produced HPW/ZrO2 catalysts that showed better catalytic performance for glycerol conversion. Acrolein yield higher than 50% was obtained at an acrolein selectivity of 71 mol% over the best performing HPW/ZrO2-AN catalyst for reaction times up to 10 h.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Glycerol (glycerin); Alcohol dehydration; Acrolein; Heteropoly acid (H3PW12O40); ZrO2
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Sustainable production of acrolein: Preparation and characterization of zirconia-supported 12-tungstophosphoric acid catalyst for gas-phase dehydration of glycerol
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 353, Issue 2, 1 February 2009, Pages 213–222
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us