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Use of a non-thermal plasma for the production of synthesis gas from biogas

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
42945 45948 2009 8 PDF Available
Title
Use of a non-thermal plasma for the production of synthesis gas from biogas
Abstract

The conversion of biogas (mixture CH4/CO2: 60/40) was studied using pulsed dielectric barrier discharges at different temperatures. The influence of the presence of a catalyst obtained after reduction of the perovskite LaNiO3 was reported. The main products of the reaction were hydrogen and carbon monoxide, but hydrocarbons such as: C2H6, C2H4, C2H2, C3H8, trace amounts of C4 to C6, and oxygenate compounds: methanol, ethanol, and acetone, were also formed.The conversion increased with the temperature, the selectivity of light hydrocarbons (C2, C3, and C4) is maximum at 673 K. When the temperature is higher than 673 K, CO production is favoured resulting most probably from the reaction between deposited carbon and an active oxygen species. The results showed that the plasma catalyst association facilitates the CO2 activation and influences the product selectivities. It is possible to admit that the metallic nickel species react as “radicals trap”, while the basicity of the La2O3 favours the activation of CO2 increasing the CO selectivity as soon as discharge plasma are combined with the catalyst.

Graphical abstractThe conversion of biogas (mixture CH4/CO2: 60/40) was studied using pulsed dielectric barrier discharges at different temperatures. The influence of the presence of a catalyst obtained after reduction of the perovskite LaNiO3 was reported. We showed that the reaction temperature and the presence of a catalyst strongly influence the products selectivities (carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons).Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Non-thermal plasma; Methane reforming; Synthesis gas; Biogas; Perovskite
First Page Preview
Use of a non-thermal plasma for the production of synthesis gas from biogas
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 353, Issue 2, 1 February 2009, Pages 228–235
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis