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Nano-ceria–zirconia promoter effects on enhanced coke combustion and oxidation of CO formed in regeneration of silica–alumina coked during cracking of triisopropylbenzene

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
42951 45948 2009 11 PDF Available
Title
Nano-ceria–zirconia promoter effects on enhanced coke combustion and oxidation of CO formed in regeneration of silica–alumina coked during cracking of triisopropylbenzene
Abstract

Effects of Ce0.68Zr0.32O2 physically mixed with or impregnated on amorphous silica–alumina (SA) on enhanced combustion of coke and oxidation of CO formed in the regeneration of the catalysts coked during catalytic cracking of 1,3,5-triisopropylbenzene (TiPB) were studied. SA with about 535 m2/g BET surface area was synthesized using a co-precipitation method and ammonium exchanged. 6.0 wt% Ce0.68Zr0.32O2 on the silica–alumina was prepared by impregnation of the sample with an aqueous solution of cerium and zirconium nitrates and designated as Ce0.68Zr0.32O2/SA. Nanoparticles of Ce0.68Zr0.32O2, with around 12 nm crystallite size, were also prepared by a microwave induced combustion synthesis method and physically mixed with SA as another catalyst sample, i.e. Ce0.68Zr0.32O2·SA. The catalysts were characterized by SEM, EDS, XRD, BET, AAS, H2-TPR and ammonia TPD techniques. After in situ calcination at 475 °C for 3 h, the samples were coked by exposure to a gaseous stream of 5.0 vol% TiPB in Ar at 350 °C for 40 min. Temperature-programmed oxidation (TPO) method was employed to study the onset temperature of the coke combustion and CO oxidation during the regeneration of the coked catalyst in 2.0 vol% O2/N2 feed. At 3 min of cracking, TiPB cracking activities of both Ce0.68Zr0.32O2/SA and Ce0.68Zr0.32O2·SA samples are about the same and 5% lower than that of SA. The selectivity of cumene, as a deep cracking product, decreases in the order of SA > Ce0.68Zr0.32O2·SA > Ce0.68Zr0.32O2/SA concomitant with the density of acid sites of the catalysts. As compared to the SA, a decline of about 15.2% in coke formation is observed for the Ce0.68Zr0.32O2/SA sample. In addition, the Ce0.68Zr0.32O2 promotion of SA by physical mixing and impregnation lowers the CO evolution in the catalysts regeneration by about 51 and 61%, respectively. The highly active Ce0.68Zr0.32O2 oxygen is responsible for the higher conversion of CO to CO2 on the catalysts containing the promoter. Furthermore, the Ce0.68Zr0.32O2/SA sample, impregnated with Ce0.68Zr0.32O2 promoter, lowers the onset temperature of coke combustion by about 130 °C. This may be attributed to tight contact of the coke with active surface oxygen of the promoter.

Graphical abstractEffects of Ce0.68Zr0.32O2 physically mixed (Ce0.68Zr0.32O2·SA) with or impregnated (Ce0.68Zr0.32O2/SA) on amorphous silica–alumina (SA) on coke combustion and oxidation of CO formed in regeneration of catalysts coked during cracking of 1,3,5-triisopropylbenzene were studied. Ce0.68Zr0.32O2/SA activity decreases slowly with time on stream. Active Ce0.68Zr0.32O2 oxygen lowers coke combustion onset and decreases CO evolution during TPO of coked Ce0.68Zr0.32O2/SA and Ce0.68Zr0.32O2·SA samples. Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Catalytic cracking; FCC; Ceria–zirconia; CO; Coke
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Nano-ceria–zirconia promoter effects on enhanced coke combustion and oxidation of CO formed in regeneration of silica–alumina coked during cracking of triisopropylbenzene
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 353, Issue 2, 1 February 2009, Pages 271–281
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
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Online Support
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