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A facile and efficient pinacol–pinacolone rearrangement of vicinal diols using ZnCl2 supported on silica as a recyclable catalyst

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
43057 45953 2008 10 PDF Available
Title
A facile and efficient pinacol–pinacolone rearrangement of vicinal diols using ZnCl2 supported on silica as a recyclable catalyst
Abstract

An efficient pinacol rearrangement of variety of primary, secondary and tertiary, symmetrical as well as asymmetrical diols has been investigated using ZnCl2/SiO2 (silzic) as solid acid catalyst. The catalyst is prepared by co-grinding silica gel with anhydrous ZnCl2 followed by thermal activation. The nature of interaction has been investigated using powder XRD, TG-DTA and DSC analyses, FT-IR spectroscopy and by testing the catalytic properties in pinacol–pinacolone rearrangement. FT-IR spectra of catalyst using pyridine as probe molecule shows presence of predominant Lewis acid sites. The results of FT-IR, TG-DTA, DSC analyses and XRD indicated that dispersed ZnCl2 co-ordinates with surface hydroxyl groups leading to formation of a new zinc ion species of –O–Zn–Cl as Lewis acid sites. Various highly substituted aldehydes and ketones were obtained in high isolated yield with excellent selectivity. The catalyst was found to be highly efficient and reusable without any loss of activity. The fact that ZnCl2 did not leach in presence of 1,2-dichloroethane as solvent makes silzic an alternative heterogeneous acid catalyst for pinacol rearrangement to the conventional homogeneous acids. The other interesting facet of this communication is highly efficient synthesis of cyclic spiroketones using silzic as reusable solid acid catalyst hitherto unknown.

Graphical abstractAn efficient pinacol rearrangement of various primary, secondary and tertiary diols has been investigated using ZnCl2/SiO2 (silzic) as solid acid catalyst. ZnCl2 co-ordiantes with surface hydroxyl groups of silica to form –O–Zn–Cl as Lewis acid sites on silica surface. The interesting facet of this communication is the highly efficient synthesis of cyclic spiroketones using silzic as reusable catalyst hitherto unknown. Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Pinacol–pinacolone Rearrangement; Zinc chloride supported on silica; Silzic; Spiroketones
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A facile and efficient pinacol–pinacolone rearrangement of vicinal diols using ZnCl2 supported on silica as a recyclable catalyst
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 340, Issue 1, 15 May 2008, Pages 42–51
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us