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Electrocatalytic properties of ruthenium modified with Te metal for the oxygen reduction reaction

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
43059 45953 2008 8 PDF Available
Title
Electrocatalytic properties of ruthenium modified with Te metal for the oxygen reduction reaction
Abstract

Chalcogenide (S, Se, and Te)-modified ruthenium catalysts prepared by a wet impregnation method demonstrated the electrocatalytic activities in the order of Ru–Te > Ru–Se > Ru–S for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in acidic media. The ORR activity of Ru–Te supported on carbon black (Ru–Te/C) significantly depends on the initial Te/Ru atomic ratio. The catalyst obtained at a Te/Ru = 2 produced the maximum value current density, the reaction was confirmed to form a RuTe2 intermetallic compound, based on the XRD. The TEM image of RuTe2/C shows that the loaded RuTe2 particles consist of well-crystallized plate-like particles with diameters of about 10 nm. Rotating ring disk electrode (RRDE) measurements indicated that RuTe2/C generates about 4% H2O2 during the ORR, preferentially proceeding via the four-electron charge transfer pathway to form H2O. RuTe2/C showed a comparable activity with regard to the cathodic current to that of the conventional Pt/C catalyst at the same metal loading. Unfortunately, the onset electrode potential for oxygen reduction by RuTe2/C was more negative than that catalyzed by the commercial Pt/C by about 0.2 V.

Graphical abstractChalcogenide (S, Se, and Te)-modified ruthenium catalysts demonstrated the electrocatalytic activities in the order of Ru–Te > Ru–Se > Ru–S for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in acidic media. The catalyst obtained at a Te/Ru = 2 produced the maximum value current density, the reaction was confirmed to form a RuTe2 intermetallic compound. RuTe2/C showed a comparable activity with regard to the cathodic current to that of the conventional Pt/C catalyst at the same metal loading. Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Ruthenium chalcogenide; Oxygen reduction reaction; Ruthenium ditelluride; Four-electron reduction; PEFC
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Electrocatalytic properties of ruthenium modified with Te metal for the oxygen reduction reaction
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 340, Issue 1, 15 May 2008, Pages 59–66
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
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Price after discount Only $4.95
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