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High catalytic cracking activity of Al-MCM-41 type materials prepared from ZSM-5 zeolite crystals and fumed silica

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
43101 45955 2008 9 PDF Available
Title
High catalytic cracking activity of Al-MCM-41 type materials prepared from ZSM-5 zeolite crystals and fumed silica
Abstract

Two series of mesoporous aluminosilicate materials of the Al-MCM-41 type have been prepared from pre-formed ZSM-5 crystals. The synthesis involved the alkaline attack of the zeolite alone (M(−)/x samples) or in the presence of an external silicon source (e.g. fumed silica, M(S)/x samples) followed by a conventional 48 h hydrothermal treatment (100 °C) with cetyltrimethylammonium chloride as the structure directing agent. The effect of sodium hydroxide concentration (0.8 M ≤ x ≤ 3 M) on the properties of the final materials was investigated by powder XRD, nitrogen sorption, pyridine sorption (IRFT), SEM, TEM, MAS and 2D MQ-MAS 27Al NMR. It was shown that the addition of fumed silica to the synthesis gel results in the improvement of the mesopore network structure. The stability of M(−)/x and M(S)/x materials towards boiling water (5 days) as well as their activity in the acid-catalysed transformation of methylcyclohexane at 350 °C were compared to those of ZSM-5, Al-MCM-41 and of a Al-MCM-41//ZSM-5/H mechanical mixture. Because of the existence of a 2-fold pore system with zeolite domains, M(S)/0.8 and M(S)/1.9 composites are more efficient catalysts than amorphous Al-MCM-41 and a mechanical mixture of Al-MCM-41 and ZSM-5. The best combination in terms of hydrothermal stability and catalytic activity was found for the M(S)/1.9 sample.

Graphical abstractTwo series of mesoporous aluminosilicate materials with a better hydrothermal stability than Al-MCM-41 have been prepared from the alkaline attack of pre-formed ZSM-5 crystals alone or in the presence of fumed silica. The use of an external silicon source and 1.9 M NaOH led to the best structure ordering and a cracking efficiency toward methylcyclohexane as high as that of ZSM-5.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
ZSM-5; Alkaline attack; MCM-41; Hydrothermal stability; Catalytic cracking
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High catalytic cracking activity of Al-MCM-41 type materials prepared from ZSM-5 zeolite crystals and fumed silica
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis A: General - Volume 344, Issues 1–2, 15 July 2008, Pages 61–69
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
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100% Money Back Guarantee
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